POL101Y1 Lecture : Lecture 22 Mar 25 Liberalism and its Challengers

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POL103: March 25th
Liberalism and its Challengers
๎€ long cycle: royal oligarchies, fascism, and communism
๎€ all these came from different constellations of social forces but all were challengers only in the state
form
๎€ all based on ideology ยฑ systematic critique derived by intellectuals
๎€ ideology: logical and scientific relationship for critique of existing order and proposal of a new
order
๎€ all clashes b/w liberalism and its challengers were all based on ideologies
๎€ from where: cores and peripheries
๎€ core: northwest triangle in the West
๎€ peripheries: challengers usually came from outside the core
New Challengers: Dynamics
๎€ end of history? what did that mean. role of reason, trade, law and international organization
๎€ when communism had fail, history would have been finished and big ideological challengers
are finished
๎€ ideologies are now based not on state but on international organizations
๎€ But global inequalities continue to produce and fuel counter-systemic ideologies. these new
ideologies produces conflict
๎€ same dynamics: adapt or challenge
๎€ scarcity from whatever source may produce new kinds of anti-liberal ideologies (speculations on
environmentalism)
Huntington
๎€ Huntington: organizing principles of conflict will be different. The clash of ideologies in the cold
war masked much older tensions among states
๎€ 19th and 20th century conflicts are deviants in that it is based on ideologies created by
intellectuals and latched onto by the masses
๎€ for most of history conflict comes from clashes of civilization/culture
๎€ organizing principle of conflict will no longer be ideology but fundamental ways of organizing
society derived from big world religions. He's not advocating it but predicting it
๎€ dividing lines: Western Christianity vs. Eastern Christendom vs. Confucianism vs. Islam
๎€ these had vast differences in
๎€ individuals and society
๎€ roles of law and state
๎€ gender relations
๎€ money and markets
๎€ political state
Johnson and Blowback
๎€ American power produces its own anti-thesis
๎€ far flung military bases, aircraft carriers and young soldiers
๎€ cases of Saudi Arabia, Kuwait, Lebanon
๎€ Americans don't see that they are attempting to universalize their own particular experience. Their
universalism is perceived as a particularism
๎€ blowback: the cost of Americans to maintain this global order
www.notesolution.com
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Document Summary

But global inequalities continue to produce and fuel counter-systemic ideologies. these new ideologies produces conflict same dynamics: adapt or challenge scarcity from whatever source may produce new kinds of anti-liberal ideologies (speculations on environmentalism) Huntington: organizing principles of conflict will be different. The clash of ideologies in the cold war masked much older tensions among states. He"s not advocating it but predicting it dividing lines: western christianity vs. eastern christendom vs. confucianism vs. islam these had vast differences in individuals and society roles of law and state gender relations money and markets political state. American power produces its own anti-thesis cases of saudi arabia, kuwait, lebanon. Americans don"t see that they are attempting to universalize their own particular experience. Their far flung military bases, aircraft carriers and young soldiers universalism is perceived as a particularism blowback: the cost of americans to maintain this global order www. notesolution. com.

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