POL101Y1 Lecture Notes - Lecture 7: Anthony Marx

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POL101Lecture#7Race,Ethnicity,andGenderinDemocracy
StatesmakeraceAnthonyMarx
Eugenics:
EugenisispeoplewhobelievedinEugenics
 Makehumanracestronger,bybreedingouttheinferiorraces
 establishdifferentraces
 thereisahierarchyinrace
Earlytwentiethcentury
atworldfairshumanexhibitstheywouldhavepeoplefromotherareasoftheworldandthey
wouldconstructvillagesetcfromtheirnativelandsandtheywereforcedtolivethereformonths
 thesepeoplewereessentiallydifferentclassificationofdifferent“typesofhumans”
 Case:SaraBaartman17891815shewasaslaveandwasexhibitedinFranceand
otherareasaftershediedshewasexhibitedinamuseumuntil1964
EugenicspeakwasduringWWII
 lehitler
 HefirmlybelievedineugenicsAryansvsJewsandRomaetc
Racedoesnotexistgenetically
 itisasocialconstruct
 precolonialperiod
● Europeantradersinteractwithpeopleofothercontinentstheynoticed
differencesspecifictocontemporaryworld
● Thesedifferenceswereseenasmalleable,andthustheEuropeanstriedto
changethemhabitsetcwereseenasapartoftherace
● ifthesearemalleableraceisnotdefinitivethusdoesnotexistgenetically
Racedoesnotexist!
● GenerallywethinkofcountriesinAfricatobethesameastheyareblacktherearestill
geneticdifferences
● therearemorewithinthecaucasiancommunitythustheyaremorediverse
● perhapsdividingraceintoblack,white,andasianisnotsupportedbygenetics
● 
Butracedoesexist!
● Statesandpeoples’makeitintoarealthing
● itisapartofthelegalsystemandisusedinlawthusitisenforced
● thusRACEisaSOCIALCONSTRUCT
● thisisalsoanthonyMarx’sargument
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