POL101Y1 Lecture : Lecture 23 April 1 Terrorism

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POL103
April 1st, 2008
Terrorism
๎€ NOT TRUE: poor people become terrorists
๎€ TRUE: people who are un-integrated (unemployment/ on the margins due to family, economic or
choice circumstances) of their given societies
๎€ thus the people who carried out 9//1 are middle eastern men who were living in Europe and US
but were not integrated into those societies and viewed themselves as outside the societies
๎€ our societies are capable of producing marginality
๎€ rich societies have better and more integrative methods than poor societies
๎€ global downward mobility is seen for middle eastern countries while east asian countries catch up
with the anglo American countries
Political Challenge
๎€ are countries with Muslim majorities systematically less democratic
๎€ data from Freedom House
๎€ muslim countries: 2.61 out of 7 (7=most free, 1= least free)
๎€ non-muslim countries: 4.74
๎€ polity score (-10=autocratic, 10=democratic)
๎€ muslim: -3.11
๎€ non-muslim: 4.86
๎€ economic development (2=lowest income, 4.66=highest income)
๎€ muslim: 3.00
๎€ non-muslim: 3.32
๎€ sociocultural division
๎€ muslim :0.55
๎€ non-muslim: 0.47
๎€ economic performance
๎€ muslim: -0.73
๎€ non-muslim: 0.78
๎€ british colonial heritage
๎€ muslim: 7/47
๎€ non-muslim: 24/109
๎€ communist heritage
๎€ muslim: 8/47
๎€ non-muslim: 20/109
๎€ OPEC membership (oil resources seen as bad to democracy)
๎€ muslim: 10/47
๎€ non-muslim: 1/109
๎€ economic development, OPEC membership (4%) and Islamic religious tradition are the main
variables affecting democracy
What Explains this?
๎€ NOT:
๎€ lack of trust
๎€ violence (from domestic murder rate etc.)
๎€ like or dislike of democracy
๎€ none of these are statistically significant
www.notesolution.com
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