Constant and the Rise of Liberalism
•Context: French revolution and its aftermath
•Question: How should free people govern themselves.
•Liberty of ancients
•Participatory –Greek democracy/perception
•Direct –directly discuss.
•Public liberty –Freedom of community –self government /collective
•Not include “private freedom”
•They would do it themselves
•Greeks thought society as a whole would make decisions
•Dependant on a class of people who did not engage in commerce of even work
•Big decisions were decisions on war.
•*most important thing now is trade –peace that will allow for commerce to take
Liberty of Moderns –Our Perception of Freedom
•Not really “freedom to” more like “freedom from” (Bein Isaiah_
•We are all liberals
•Freedom is individual rather than communal
•All of us driven by commerce and private property instead of a war
Contradiction of Constant
Benjamin constant: fervent liberal, context: french revolution and its aftermath, question: how should free people govern themselves. *most important thing now is trade peace that will allow for commerce to take place. Liberty of moderns our perception of freedom: not really freedom to more like freedom from (bein isaiah_ Limited government: we are all liberals, freedom is individual rather than communal, all of us driven by commerce and private property instead of a war. Contradiction of constant www. notesolution. com: how to organize human society big problems, modern liberty is better than ancient liberty and pre-modern despotism, we prefer representative oppose to direct government that just leave it to be happy. Freedom of the team : commerce contradict with: if we don"t watch after government then the whole thing will come crashing down have a certain amount of public commitment it will fall. Traditional society: scarcity people had what they had/ no commerce, not geared towards maker/ people lived subsistent lives.