Problems with Democracy
Democracy and Equity
•Rules of the game –laws, ethics.
•Institutionalized uncertainty –we never know the outcomes of the next elections
•Variation of democracies –“not one model”
•Equality –core of democracy.
1) Equality of Opportunity (Processes)
•Interested in democratic process
•Political equality –all treated politically equal and all citizens enjoy equality
•Polyarchy (Robert Dahl) –Public contestation (you all have the ability (citizens)
–Inclusive participation (everyone can argue and contest)
2) Equality of Outcome (Consequences)
•Political economic consequences
•Procedural vs substantive democracy
•Ex. Democracy welfare state –rise of the welfare state mirrored to rise of democracy
•Expectation of equal rights
Voter Turnout Rates
•Canada -60% voter turnout
•US Presidential and Midterm –Low 50%
1) Collective Action Problems
•Costs are high
Democracy and equity: rules of the game laws, ethics, managing diversity. Institutionalized uncertainty we never know the outcomes of the next elections: variation of democracies not one model , equality core of democracy, equality of opportunity (processes) Interested in democratic process: political equality all treated politically equal and all citizens enjoy equality, procedural democracy, polyarchy (robert dahl) public contestation (you all have the ability (citizens) Inclusive participation (everyone can argue and contest: equality of outcome (consequences, political economic consequences, procedural vs substantive democracy, ex. Democracy welfare state rise of the welfare state mirrored to rise of democracy: expectation of equal rights. Voter turnout rates: canada -60% voter turnout, us presidential and midterm low 50% Challenge: collective action problems, costs are high www. notesolution. com, benefits are not direct it is not rational to vote, free riding let someone else. It is hard to get people to work together due to incentives: the fallacy, democratic pluralism assumes political equality (ex.