POL101january9.docx

5 views2 pages
19 Apr 2012
School
Course
POL101- Lecture January 9th, 2012
NATIONALISM AND CONFLICT
- Identifying us as American
- “We” feeling
Nationalism
- Most political conflict involves conflict between nations
- Seemingly obvious answer: the ideology of nations. A nation is a group that
wants to have its own state
- But things are not so simple
- What is a nation?
- A group of people who believe they share a common fate, history, culture and
language
- Nationalism says that the state and nation should be congruent.
- Occurs only under modern circumstances
- Never before in human history did people insist that their leaders be of the
same culture and never did leaders try to make the people share their
culture.
- Modern phenomenon
- It’s this need to congruence that needs to be explained
Nationalism and Modernization
- high culture and low cultures; European monarchs and populations
o church, Latin, and then all the different subcultures that people
communicated with
o cultures that normal, ordinary people spoke
o high and low culture is very old
o every culture has it
- industrial society and need for universalization of high culture
o standardizing languages
o make sure you understood everyone
- In this way, nations are constructed, they are projects of elites , sometimes
competing projects. They don’t exist as things in themselves but are the
products of aggregated individual beliefs
- But stakes are very high; if YOUR culture is not adopted as the high and
universal culture, you face systematic disadvantage
- In industrial societies, states are service organizations for providing common
cultures; education
- Cases: Ukraine, Hungary, Slovakia
- Seen this way, nations don’t create nationalism: nationalism creates nations!
- In Canada, we have a story of decent
- Nations don’t create nationalism, nationalism creates nation
Unlock document

This preview shows half of the first page of the document.
Unlock all 2 pages and 3 million more documents.

Already have an account? Log in

Get OneClass Notes+

Unlimited access to class notes and textbook notes.

YearlyBest Value
75% OFF
$8 USD/m
Monthly
$30 USD/m
You will be charged $96 USD upfront and auto renewed at the end of each cycle. You may cancel anytime under Payment Settings. For more information, see our Terms and Privacy.
Payments are encrypted using 256-bit SSL. Powered by Stripe.