POL101, Jan 16, Genocide and justice.docx

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22 Apr 2012
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Genocide and Justice, Jan. 16 2012
Definition
- Genocide is committed with intent to destroy, in whole or in part, a national, ethnical, racial, or
religious group.
- Genocide occurs by
- - killing members of the group
- Causing serious bodily or mental harm to members of the group
- Deliberately inflicting on the group conditions of life calculated to bring about its physical
destruction, in whole or in part
- Imposing measures intended to prevent births within the group
- Forcibly transferring children of one group to another group.
- Acts directed against political groups are excluded from the definition of genocide
Crimes against humanity
The charter of the international military tribunal passed in 1945 described these atrocities as customary
international crimes that justify international criminal sanctions
1. Crimes Against Humanity
2. murder
3. Enslavement
4. Deportation
5. Imprisonment
6. Tortue
7. Rape
8. Other inhumane acts
9. Committed against any civilian population, before or during the war
2. war crimes, orviolations of the laws and customs of war namely:
-murder
Ill treatment
Deportation for slave labor or for any other purpose of the civilian population of or in occupied territory
Precedents:
1. The trial of nazi war criminals at Nuremberg for genocide and crimes against humanity after
their defeat in world war 2. Not a defence to say they were just following orders.
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