Political Science March 21
The End of the Nation-State?
Reading: Zielonka, The Quality of Democracy after Joining the European Union, pp.162-
Stubbs, Rethinking Asia’s Economic Miracle, pp.184-17
Beyond Nationalism: The Theory
•Nationalism is a product of industrial society
•Nationalism did not exist before t he modern world: the idea that people shared a
•If nationalism is the product of industrial modernity we can therefore expect the
age of nationalism to pass – prediction which follows
•Does therefore, the passing of industrial society into post industrial society mean
that we are moving into a post national era?
•What would that mean?
•Primary allegiances shift from nation state to something above that
Case Study: European Union
•Historical circumstances: run up to war and WWII
•How to ensure that Germany and France never fight again?
•European Coal and Steal Community: 1951 (France, Germany, Italy, Belgium,
•State interests: German economic power and French political inf luence
•Idea: unite economies and then you unite state interests
From Coal and Steel to EU
•Contradictions for only Coal and Steal
•Treaties of Rome: 1957 (EEC and Euratom)
•Today called European Union: from six to 27 countries
•Institutions a) European Commission b) Council c) European Cour t of justice d)
•Logic of intergovernmentalism: delegation
•Logic of neo-functionalism: spillover
From Single Market to single currency
•Single Market Act 1986
•Creation of Euro: Gradual introduction after 1995 and Banknotes in 2002
•17 out of 27 states use it
•Lost monetary sovereignty (benefits and costs)
•Design as compromise
•Design f law: what is to prevent member states from running gigantic budget