Class Notes (1,100,000)
CA (630,000)
UTSG (50,000)
POL101Y1 (1,000)
Lecture 10

POL101Y1 Lecture 10: Climate Change in Politics


Department
Political Science
Course Code
POL101Y1
Professor
Jeffrey Kopstein
Lecture
10

This preview shows page 1. to view the full 5 pages of the document.
POL101Y1Lecture10Notes
ClimateChange
● KyotoProtocolisaninternationaltreatythatactsasanextensionofthe1992UN
NationalFrameworkConventiononClimateChange(UNFCCC)
○ Itcommitsstatestomakepoliciesregardinggreenhouseemissionsreductions
● Statesthatsignedthetreatywerecommittingtoreducingtheirgreenhousegas
emissionsbyacertainamountbyacertaindate
● Canada(underJeanChretien)wasurgingdevelopingcountriestoratifythetreaty
● 2011:UnderHarper,CanadaformallywithdrewfromKyoto
○ U.S.AneverratifiedKyototobeginwith
● Carbontradingisamethodtoreduceone’semissionsbycreatingamarketfor
companiestobuy‘carboncredits’
○ CompaniesregisterthemselvestotheUNasCleanDevelopmentMechanisms
(CDMs)
● Case:MexicanIsthmus
○ SlimregionofMexicothatisverywindy;manywindfarmshavebeenbuiltthereasan
investment
● Kyotoenabledgreenmarketstomanifest
● “ThegovernmentofCanadasupportsinternationalactiontohelpdevelopingeconomies
reduceemissionsandadapttoclimatechange.”
○ However,whenthegovernmentmadethisstatement,theyhadyettodisclose
informationregardingtheirprogressonthematterandhowtheywerehelpingsaid
economies
● WhiletheU.S,ChinaandRussiaarethetop3CO2emissionsproducers,Canadais
withinthetop10inregardstoCO2emissionproduction
○ “Thepicturethatemergesfromthesefiguresisonewhereingeneraldeveloped
countriesandmajoremergingeconomynationsleadintotalCO2emissions.
Obviously,theseunevencontributionstotheclimateproblemareatthecoreofthe
challengestheworldcommunityfacesinfindingeffectiveandequitablesolutions.”
■ Essentially,richcountriesarepayingpoorcountriestosolvethematterofclimate
change
● Thismethodologyisdoneonafalsepremisethatthereisplentyoftimetocorrectthe
matter
○ Thestrategygivestheimpressionthatpeoplecancontinuetheirusuallives(and
producetheirusualpollutants)withoutfearofconsequences
● 2009:CanadasignstheCopenhagenAccord
○ Itcallsfor17%emissionsreductionsby2020
○ Inactuality,Canada’semissionswillbe30%overitsagreedupontargetby2020
You're Reading a Preview

Unlock to view full version

Only page 1 are available for preview. Some parts have been intentionally blurred.

■ 2011:“TomeetthetargetsunderKyotofor2012wouldbetheequivalentofeither
removingeverycar,truck,ATV,tractor,ambulance,policecarandvehiclefrom
everykindfromCanadianroadsorclosingdowntheentirefarmingandagriculture
sectorandcuttingheatfromeveryhome,office,hospital,factoryandbuildingin
Canada.”
■ BywithdrawingfromKyoto,Canadasaveditself$14billioninpenaltiesforfailingto
upholdKyototargets
● EvenoutsideofKyoto,Canada’strackrecordregardingclimatechangeremainsbad
○ 2004:PMPaulMartininitiates‘ProjectGreen’,a$10Billionprojectonlongterm
climatechangeresolution
○ 2006:PMHarperscrapped‘ProjectGreen’andreferredtoKyotoasa“socialist
schemetosuckmoneyoutofwealthproducingcountries.”(2003)
■ 2007:HarperwithdrawsCanadafromKyoto
● Harper’srationalewasthatiftheU.SremainedamajorpolluterthenCanadawouldbe
indifferenttointernationalclimatechangeplans
○ Thiscreatedacollectiveactionproblem
● Prisoner’sDilemma:Prisonersshoulddenyeverythingsothattheywillbothgetoutof
prison.undertherationalethattheywillnotbeheldaccountableduetotheirlackof
knowledge
○ Prisonersarekeptinseparateroomstoencouragethemselvestosnitchontheother
● Anothermanifestationofcollectiveactionproblemsisthe‘TragedyoftheCommons’
○ Collectively,the‘commonland’hostsofgreatamountsofrawmaterialsthateveryone
isentitledtousing
○ Individualdesiresdemandthatonegetsasmuchresourcesastheycan
■ Endresultisthatnoonetakesresponsibilityforthedestructionofthiscommonby
thecombinedusage
● Duetoalackofworldgovernment,weneedbindingtreatiesandcollectiveenforcement
togetcountriestodothingsthatarebestforcollectiveinterestratherthanfortheirown
immediateinterests
○ Collectiveactionproblemsmanifestmostonissuesinregardstoclimatechange
■ IfCanadacanabstainfromthetreatyunderitsrationale,thenothernationscanalso
dosotoo
■ EmergingcountriessuchasIndiaandBrazilhaveabstainedaswell;however,their
rationaleisbasedonimperialism
● 2013:PRCproduced29%ofworldwideCO2emissions
○ U.S,thenexthighestpolluter,emittedonly13%ofworldwideCO2emissions
You're Reading a Preview

Unlock to view full version