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Lecture

POL101 Lecture 21

7 Pages
128 Views

Department
Political Science
Course Code
POL101Y1
Professor
Jeffrey Kopstein

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The End of the Nation-State?
Lecture 21
Beyond Nationalism: The Theory
1.Nationalism is a product of industrial society: recap
2.Nationalism is modern; did not exist before the modern world
` concept of common culture, shared with people it governed, etc. only existed for ~last
250 years
3.Previous to modernity, the idea of having a state, that would insure through
education, a common culture, was unnecessary; for most of human history, rulers
didn't share a culture with the people they ruled
4.Language politics didn't exist (as we understand it today)
5.The rise of modernity makes this a necessity
6.If industrial modernity; what will happen when it passes?
The End of the Nation-State.wma
Audio recording started: 12:16 PM March-21-11
7.What would it even mean to say industrial modernity has passed?
` imagine age of smokestack industry, it hasn't passed, but it looks like it's passing
(like other industries, loads of divisions of labour, many of us work from home, no
longer have to go into the factory, etc.)
8.One tiny element of the passing of modernity: the increased amount of people who
work from home
9.Does therefore, the passing of industrial society into post-industrial society mean
that we are moving to a post-national society mean that we are moving to a post-
national era?
10.What would that mean?
11.Primary allegiances shift from nation-state to something above that
` your allegiances might change
12.These differences in identity; Torontonian, Ontarian, Canadian, North
American, Western Hemispherian, etc.
13.How would that actually transpire?
14.What are the politics of this? How do we know, if it were actually happening?
` One way we do this is by conducting surveys
Case Study: European Union
Political architects: Robert Schuman & John
15. It appears that people are transferring part of their allegiances to an entity
that is above them
16.Historical circumstances: run up to war & WWII
` was previously a battle zone, consisting of powers & rising powers, seeking world
domination (like a big game of Risk)
` domination was essentially (the British primarily, secondarily the French) squaring
off against a rising Germany
www.notesolution.com
17. In the years prior to WWII, there was an understanding that (there would be
a big fight) this would have to be prevented from ever happening again: solution =
federation
18.A European union state
19.Took a great tragedy (WWII) to amount to anything
20.Big question on the continent: how to prevent Germany & France from ever
fighting again?
` Soviets controlled half of Europe - became Germany & Western Europe - how to keep
them from ever fighting again?
21.Rather than moving to full-on model of making a "Canada" or "US" of Europe,
started with something seemingly small. In 1961 - 6 countries signed the European
Coal & Steel Community
22.How to ensure that Germany & France never fight again?
23.Notions of European Federalism
24.European Coal & Steel Community; 1951 (France, Germany, Italy, Belgium,
Netherlands, Luxenbourg)
` created a high commission that would regulate all of this
` it was smaller, slower, largely about taking German economic power
25.State interests: German economic power & French political influence
` After WWII, Germany was still relatively economically powerful, but politically
disgraced
` Germany needed to be welcomed back into polite political society, the other countries
needed Germany's economy to help rebuild
` therefore very practical to have the European & Steel Community
26. Idea: unite economies & then you unite state interests
From Coal & Steel to EU
27.Contradictions of only Coal & Steel
28.Treaties of Rome: 1957 (EEC & Euratom)
29.Today called European Union (from six to 27 countries)
30. Institutions:
a) European Commission
b) Council
c) European Court of Justice
d) Parliament
31.Two logics: 1) intergovernmental 2) neo-functional
32.Logic of intergovernmentalism: delegation
33.Logic of neo-functionalism: spillover
34.Realized that could remain with only coal & steel, expanded to other factors
as well
35. Imported goods can go anywhere in the European community (tariffs,
customs, etc. standardized)
36.But even that was the end of it - wasn't only about economics
www.notesolution.com

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Description
The End of the Nation-State? Lecture 21 Beyond Nationalism: The Theory 1.Nationalism is a product of industrial society: recap 2.Nationalism is modern; did not exist before the modern world concept of common culture, shared with people it governed, etc. only existed for ~last 250 years 3.Previous to modernity, the idea of having a state, that would insure through education, a common culture, was unnecessary; for most of human history, rulers didnt share a culture with the people they ruled 4.Language politics didnt exist (as we understand it today) 5.The rise of modernity makes this a necessity 6.If industrial modernity; what will happen when it passes? The End of the Nation-State.wma Audio recording started: 12:16 PM March-21-11 7. What would it even mean to say industrial modernity has passed? imagine age of smokestack industry, it hasnt passed, but it looks like its passing (like other industries, loads of divisions of labour, many of us work from home, no longer have to go into the factory, etc.) 8.One tiny element of the passing of modernity: the increased amount of people who work from home 9.Does therefore, the passing of industrial society into post-industrial society mean that we are moving to a post-national society mean that we are moving to a post- national era? 10. What would that mean? 11. Primary allegiances shift from nation-state to something above that your allegiances might change 12. These differences in identity; Torontonian, Ontarian, Canadian, North American, Western Hemispherian, etc. 13. How would that actually transpire? 14. What are the politics of this? How do we know, if it were actually happening? One way we do this is by conducting surveys Case Study: European Union Political architects: Robert Schuman & John 15. It appears that people are transferring part of their allegiances to an entity that is above them 16. Historical circumstances: run up to war & WWII was previously a battle zone, consisting of powers & rising powers, seeking world domination (like a big game of Risk) domination was essentially (the British primarily, secondarily the French) squaring off against a rising Germany www.notesolution.com
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