Origins & Functions of the Modern State
1.Modern state is something between an empire & a city
2.Process of sovereignty building in ?Europe
3.State-building as a protection racket: "organized crime" versus "organized crime"
4.Hobbes: from security dilemma of "war of all against all" to modern "leviathan"
5.Weber: "monopoly of legitimate use of violence within a given territory"
6.Functions: A. Despotic -- (Weberian); B. Infrastructural -- (Regulatory)
7.Some are good @ A but not B; some are good @ neither
8.Subordinates to Ottawa (e.g. CPP, etc.)
Origins & Functions of the Modern State.wma
Audio recording started: 12:21 PM March-07-11
9.Americans have a cowboy, we have a uniform-ized Mounted Police; contrast between
` wandering Canadian plains, the armed Canadian mounted police
` he could be "Law" unto himself, yet why does he phone back to Ottawa, under
10.Subordinates himself to the centre - how does that actually come about?
How/why do these guys, in the middle of nowhere, feel obliged to find out what people
sitting far away want/would think (bec e.g. Mounties, have superior weaponry, etc. ->
could draw & shoot American cowboy style, alone in wild, etc.
11.All kinds of failed state-building projects
12.State-building -> protection brackets; people @ the centre
` go to countryside, speak to nobles to speak to peasants: "if I can control your
weaponry, pledge your loyalty to me, etc. in turn I will make sure nobody comes & kills
` e.g. Parking your car to see opening Raiders, someone says, "if you give me ten bucks,
I'll make sure your tires don't get slashed" -> a protection bracket
` the mafia has done that for a long time
- state-building projects & organized crime
- state-building is always an in-progress project, never finished
` Al Capone a notorious gangster - but why wasn't he arrested (by Chicago police)?
(was totally out in the open, a bootlegger, breaking the law)
` he "collaborated with" / owned the local state -> the politicians, police, judges, etc.
were all in his pocket (the local Taliban, had set up a state within a state) (who wasn't
in his pocket, he killed)
~ Elliot Nas finally charged him (the FBI) - the US gov't had to take people @ a level
above local (FBI) & send them into the city -> had to actually recruit ppl, give own
guns, offices, means of authority, etc.
` the only way they could get him was by charging him with not paying income tax;
couldn't actually charge him with all the murders etc.
` the state-building project not complete, the control over violence is not complete ->
means of control @ their disposal, separate from
` over time , tactics used by FBI to get local KuCluckx(?) clan
13.Two projects, competing against each other
` that battle goes on & on (even in Canada)