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Lecture

How the West Got Rich

7 Pages
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Department
Political Science
Course Code
POL101Y1
Professor
Jeffrey Kopstein

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How the West Got Rich Jan. 24, 2011
Weber- Protestant Ethic
-Why is it that some areas are rich and some areas are poor?
-Max Weber: -Father of modern sociology
-professor in Germany
-social-scientist
-spoke 12 languages
-asked really interesting questions
Why did the West Get Rich?
-Theory 1- They stole it: imperialism
-they came to North America and stole all the wealth and
exploited the Natives
-Ex. Christopher Columbus
-Problem: why didnt they steal it from us first?
-Why didnt the Natives come to Spain and steal it from us?
-If they come have they would have!
-What are the origins of technological superiority?
-Why did the West become the most powerful place in the history of the
world? Why did England more specifically become the most powerful country
in the world? *
-Theory 2- Weather: warming up of Europe after 15th century
-Problem: why didnt warm areas get rich first?
-cold areas got rich first not the warm ones
Max Weber
-What was it about northwest part of Europe that made it unique?
-Weber noticed it was Protestant. The answer is Protestantism and
Capitalism.
www.notesolution.com
-Reason it was Protestant: Catholicism was more restrictive and
Protestantism is less restrictive.
-Weber wasnt the first to do this: in fact most social theorists were
responding to Karl Marx. Capitalism produced Capitalism as the Marxists
say.
Protestant Ethic
-Published as two long articles in 1904 and 1905
-Opens it with a statistical fact: business leaders and owners of capital as
well as the higher grades of skilled labor and even more the higher
technically and commercially
-Not merely a contemporary fact but an historical fact: tracing the association
back, it can be shown that some of the early centers of capitalist development
in the early part of the 16th century were strongly Protestant
-Ready explanation? Break with economic traditionalism produced a
sloughing off of
-strong association between Protestantism and economic advancement
Contd.
-But this interpretation does not stand up to scrutiny.
-1517 Martin Luther in Germany nails his 95 Theses to the church doors
saying: You Catholics are corrupt. Salvation comes through faith not works
-Reformation not an escape from controls of the church
-It involved a much higher degree of regulation of behaviour than that which
was demanded by Catholicism
-Problem with theory that says Protestantism was an easier religion than
Catholicism was that the Reformation was not an escape from controls of the
church. In fact, it involved a much higher degree of regulation of behaviour
than that which was demanded by Catholicism
-Protestantism adopts a stringent attitude towards relaxation and enjoyment-
especially renounced in Calvinism.
-Therefore: must look to specific character of Protestant beliefs if we are to
account for connection between Protestantism and economic rationality
www.notesolution.com

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Description
How the West Got Rich Jan. 24, 2011 Weber- Protestant Ethic -Why is it that some areas are rich and some areas are poor? -Max Weber: -Father of modern sociology -professor in Germany -social-scientist -spoke 12 languages -asked really interesting questions Why did the West Get Rich? -Theory 1- They stole it: imperialism -they came to North America and stole all the wealth and exploited the Natives -Ex. Christopher Columbus -Problem: why didnt they steal it from us first? -Why didnt the Natives come to Spain and steal it from us? -If they come have they would have! -What are the origins of technological superiority? -Why did the West become the most powerful place in the history of the world? Why did England more specifically become the most powerful country in the world? * -Theory 2- Weather: warming up of Europe after 15 century -Problem: why didnt warm areas get rich first? -cold areas got rich first not the warm ones Max Weber -What was it about northwest part of Europe that made it unique? -Weber noticed it was Protestant. The answer is Protestantism and Capitalism. www.notesolution.com
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