POL200Y1 Lecture Notes - Sea Monster

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Published on 16 Apr 2013
School
UTSG
Department
Political Science
Course
POL200Y1
Professor
POL200
February 28, 2013
Leviathan
The final nail in the coffin to archaic ancient notions of aristocratic philosophy.
A covenant, or a pact, in society to form society. Science as the liberation from
mysticism of religion - that society can be formed around scientific foundations.
Leviathan is the name of a sea monster originating from the Bible in the Book of Job.
The monster represents the oppressive, militaristic, absolute power of despots. The end
goal of the state would be to maintain peace under rule of law - strengthening political
authority.
Attack on clerical authority as political entities; to overthrow the traditional power of
christianity.
The human body is to be understood mechanically - the theory revolves around the
blood stream being pumped by the heart. This was extended to the state.
- Look within thyself to understand human nature and passion. He offers a study of the
human passions with empirical evidence.
His conception of society is a good society, based on human nature.
- Our knowledge of reality outside of our own mind is through the senses; matter in
motion.
- Insignificant Speech - false, that signifies nothing that is actually out there in reality, or
in existence.
Schools, universities and the Church are manipulative institutions that play upon the
simplicity of people to instil ideas of spirits and immaterial forces. Hobbes was a sceptic
that religion was not a good way of observing the world.
Hobbes denies that prudence has power - it is fallacious, offering conjectures that
revolve around an infinite amount of causes, moving away from science. Therefore the
best prophet is the best guesser. That prudence is both animal and human, that we can
see causes and consequences of certain situations. Prudence is not practical wisdom.
Professors and clerics use these fallacious religious arguments to seek their own dreams
and desire: power, avarice, ambition, control and self-interest. Gods are created through
fear to explain the unknown. This promotes corruption.
(Chapters 1-3, 8-12)
Chapter 4 - Speech
The most notable invention of mankind. To use name and words to register the
consequences of our thoughts, to help us remember, and to tell others of our discoveries
of trains of causes and consequences. It is critical that we apply words precisely; any
kind of flowery, slippery speech is capable of deception.
Humans need a common authority to discern good and evil consistently and universally
and to enforce notions of the good through law.
For Hobbes, there is no one path to human perfection, there is no one account of human
flourish, there is no highest good for human beings. Good is the satisfaction of desire,
pleasure.
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Document Summary

The final nail in the coffin to archaic ancient notions of aristocratic philosophy. A covenant, or a pact, in society to form society. Science as the liberation from mysticism of religion - that society can be formed around scientific foundations. Leviathan is the name of a sea monster originating from the bible in the book of job. The monster represents the oppressive, militaristic, absolute power of despots. The end goal of the state would be to maintain peace under rule of law - strengthening political authority. Attack on clerical authority as political entities; to overthrow the traditional power of christianity. The human body is to be understood mechanically - the theory revolves around the blood stream being pumped by the heart. Look within thyself to understand human nature and passion. He offers a study of the human passions with empirical evidence. His conception of society is a good society, based on human nature.

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