Making Sense of politics, Aristotelian style
last week, looking at aristotles analysis of the household, his discussion of the polis. show
the distinctive nature of political relationships.
-practical side of aristotle. despite high ideals and goals that are there, tries to make
concessions to reality and mundane features of community.
-definition of the polis. 1st feature, polis will contain diversity of people and associations
brought together in beginning to meet basic needs. 2nd feature of polis , politics
aims at ultimate good though of course in practice may not get there. 3rd feature,
not only are states different in so far they meet highest goals , but states
themselves give themselves goals and identities that differ. some states define
excellence or goals in term of military virtue. 4th aspect is that political relation
is specific because of its qualities of equality/ reciprocity and taking turns at
taking power. political relations are only one quality of a good life. some
participation in government important to meet highest nature of virtue.
theoretical wisdom higher form of happiness and cant be a political thing.
-most politics does not take place in best circumstance, aristotle doesnt despair unlike plat.
how can we achieve limited goods that politics can give us, aristotle much more
of an optimist than plato.
II. Constitutions and Citizenship.
-aristotle has intriguing and interesting way of leading us along in a series of questions
about politics. what is a political community (not mili alliance).. should be
attempt to live together in friendship. goodwill and positivity in people of same
community as they are there together involved in project that will make lives
better. what is identity of regime? various ways to think about this. regime
change... conclusion that you cant define regime by people but by constitution.
constitution not written document but ways in which power is distributed. this
idea of distribution of society is also about types of principles or values that
underly or justify division and distribution of power. suggests const is
organization of regime,whts gonna be end body and end goal of body. different