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Lecture 13

POL200Y1 Lecture 13: Intro to Machiavelli, The Prince, Chapters 1-2
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Department
Political Science
Course Code
POL200Y1
Professor
Ryan Balot

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Process, way, progress
Moving target
What we have lost pales against what we've gained
Challenge that modern is always best
Liberalism v. Marxism (lives on borrowed time)
End of Cold War --> end of history, everyone becomes a liberal democracy
Crave and fear science and progress / technology
3rd world rejection of modernity --> right wing
Aim: clarify status of modernity
Modernity
Seen as more evil than Satan, incarnation of evil
Held in awe, terror, loathing --> fear
Was republican, realest, satire of princes?
Italian unification / nationalism
Founder of political science? Faces truth
Stability (economy of violence, seeking to minimize)
If modern, not seen as scary or bad
Misunderstood because too modern for his day
Maybe Machiavelli was convinced evil (modern) was good
Modernity = evil? - worst evil is to convert others by convincing what is evil is in fact good
Published posthumously --> not good for his time
Machiavelli
Lorenzo the Magnificent
Flatters, wants a job
Self-praise
Someone comes from nowhere and is smarter than
Suggestion that Lorenzo needs the advice --> there is little praise for Lorenzo
Machiavelli has what Lorenzo needs and can't get on his own
Machiavelli is not a friend to princes -- is a republican
Why does Machiavelli include the letter if Machiavelli and Lorenzo are both dead, and it appears he
never really wanted the job?
Points it out
Lorenzo the Magnificent was actually Lorenzo's grandfather, Lorenzo has no achievements of his own
Give something he values or you value?
Machiavelli doesn't lose anything / cost by giving advice
Presumptuous - commoner advising a prince
Asserting superiority --> has good advice
'it is customary,' explains typical ways --> he is not the same, does not offer typical gifts
Example is false: one knows both or neither
Machiavelli should also be asking Lorenzo for advice
Justifies presumptions: to know prince, must know people
Separation between fortune as a quality
Defined by luck?
Fortune is external
Lorenzo virtues are as external as fortune
'fortune and your other qualities' - translation
Ignorant of Machiavelli's poverty
Returns to landscape metaphor, instead Lorenzo doesn't know what is going on --> retracts the only
compliment he made, only Machiavelli has knowledge
Lorenzo is a character of the old order, against Machiavelli
Establishes adversarial relationship
Dedicated Letter
Sets out contents for part of the book
Numerical (one/many)
Aristotle:
Chapter 1
Lecture 2.1: Intro to Machiavelli, The Prince,
chapters 1-2
January 5, 2017
2:00 PM
LECTURE Page 37

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Description
Lecture 2.1: Intro to Machiavelli, The Prince, chapters 12 January 5, 2012:00 PM Modernity Process, way, progress Moving target What we have lost pales against what weve gained Challenge that modern is always best Liberalism v. Marxism (lives on borrowed time) End of Cold War > end of history, everyone becomes a liberal democracy Crave and fear science and progress technology Postmodern: not solid idea, agree on 3rd world rejection of modernity > right wing Aim: clarify status of modernity Machiavelli Held in awe, terror, loathing > fear Seen as more evil than Satan, incarnation of evil Was republican, realest, satire of princes? Stability (economy of violence, seeking to minimize) Italian unification nationalism Founder of political science? Faces truth Misunderstood because too modern for his day If modern, not seen as scary or bad Modernity = evil? worst evil is to convert others by convincing what is evil is in fact good Maybe Machiavelli was convinced evil (modern) was good Published posthumously > not good for his time Dedicated Letter Lorenzo the Magnificent Flatters, wants a job Selfpraise Someone comes from nowhere and is smarter than Suggestion that Lorenzo needs the advice > there is little praise for Lorenzo Machiavelli has what Lorenzo needs and cant get on his own Machiavelli is not a friend to princes is a republican Why does Machiavelli include the letter if Machiavelli and Lorenzo are both dead, and it appears he never really wanted the job? Lorenzo the Magnificent was actually Lorenzos grandfather, Lorenzo has no achievements of his own Points it out it is customary, explains typical ways > he is not the same, does not offer typical gifts Give something he values or you value? Machiavelli doesnt lose anything cost by giving advice Presumptuous commoner advising a prince Asserting superiority > has good advice Justifies presumptions: to know prince, must know people Example is false: one knows both or neither Machiavelli should also be asking Lorenzo for advice fortune and your other qualities translation Separation between fortune as a quality Defined by luck? Fortune is external Lorenzo virtues are as external as fortune Returns to landscape metaphor, instead Lorenzo doesnt know what is going on > retracts the only compliment he made, only Machiavelli has knowledge Ignorant of Machiavellis poverty Lorenzo is a character of the old order, against Machiavelli Establishes adversarial relationship Chapter 1 Sets out contents for part of the book Aristotle: Numerical (onemany) LECTURE Page 37
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