24/11/10 2:55 PM
STUDY QUESTIONS FOR THE LECTURE OF NOVEMBER 19
1. Locke insists at Chapter 2, section 19, that "here we have
plain difference between the State of Nature, and the State of
, which however some men have confounded, are as far
distant, as a State of Peace, Good Will, Mutual Assistance, and
Preservation, and a State of Enmity, Malice, Violence, and
Mutual Destruction are from one another." Take that, Hobbes.
But just how far distant do those two states prove to be?
Locke doesn’t only free the church of the state but also he frees the state from the
church. The church wont be able to enforce their teaching.
Locke comes around to massage hobbes position, maybe ppl are not motivated on rational
reason. Locke is trying to appeal more to ideal self understanding. Because of this recognition of
locke that hobbes project framed the way it was, fails so miserably. Locke uses a v different
discourse, he make many different questions. He prevents the state of nature as idyllic.
What defines the state of nature for Locke?
all are equal, no one man is above another. In this state of nature he wants to
grant us our natural capacities, the only things that’s missing from the state of
nature is a higher legal authority and an impartial judge. But where force is used
without right the state aggresses into a state of war, because our first priority Is
self preservation. These laws of nature should be intelligible to all ..health
property, men are often ignorant of this law, this whole qualification of want to
studying it. This means there is something in our nature that we don’t choose to
study this. Locke says we want to think we are rational beings, that the way to
persuade ppl rationally is not to expose the raw truth at the bottom of things.
Its more compelling for us to accept that one is hostile instead of us all. Locke is
more concerned to make his argument look more generous w.r.t. to human nature,
which makes him more clever. Founder of American liberal democracy, he is
persuasive. Ppl don’t always accept pure reason.
2. At Chapter 5, section 31, Locke affirms that "God has given us
all things richly." Does the chapter as a whole confirm this
assurance of divine generosity?
MOST IMPORTANT CHAPTER**
November 25, 2009 HOBBES SHOULD HAVE REJECTED HIS PROPOSED SOLUTION IN FAVOR OF LOCKES.
GOD HAS GIVEN US THE WORLD IN POTENTIAL BUT LESS IN ACTUALITY. Plenty of nothing is
what god gave us. Lobor is defeated by spoilage, since everything useful in life is
perishable, we need no more than to fullfil of our immediate need. We’ll continue to
live hand to mouth, so the earth lie to waste. And human live within misery. The
problem state of nature poses in eco terms sec.46 charity might raise a surplus in
order to give it t our neighbour the good of others is a not a good way of economic
development.while its true mcdonald owner gave away free big mac but as a
marketing deal. Barter; trading perishable plums for perishable nuts. But the crucial
moment of it is money, which keeps forever w/o spoiling and provides increase in human
enlrgement of possesions. We don’t trust in god only in cash n those who pays it. Money is
the great human human invention not owed to god, god gives us gold silver diamond,
we ccant eat they wont keep us warm. Man has invested everything with value. Now
land has a value and every last patch has been taken. Sec.41.- to agree to the I ntro of
mioney is to agree to inequality, but everyone is better off than they would be in the
state of nature. To cultivate land benefits everybody. Money is the greatest invention
because, money harnesses our interest in ourselves to the interests of others. The
boundlessness of the quisitiveness of lock , it’s not where your going but where you’re
coming from. With anarchy and poverty, the further away from it the better. The
more we contribute to the human race, we benefit everyone but more ourselves.
Political economic comfort to the restlessness of anxiety to get away from the state of
nature and anarchy. Ltd. Govern and united acquisition for which Locke is the
political founder. If you want constant progress move away from state of nature,
move towards economic stability, keep it pass it on , in only provides the best infinites
incentive to move on the human race. Everyone is better off in the civil society than
they’d be in the state of nature. The effect of civil society is to make it necessary to work
and benefit from the market system. Locke is the great founder of liberal toleration.
Those who refuse the opportunity to make honest gain by working, that’s is a behavior
to be discouraged. The fundamental of human problem, is anarchy and misery of our
life. Locke is strongly in favor of progress, greater, security, and the key to all is
labor. Limited gov to provide security.
The starting position in the state of nature is equality , and abundance from God. God is taking
care of everything. We should all just get along cz there is enough for everyone to have out
there. Common resources are useless =unless mixed with labor and industry. Abundance isn’t
goodenough we need labour. Which is an extension of our property our body given by god. Locke
replace naturl abundance with labour. He critiques ppl of America to be lazy unindustrious
and let gods abundance go to waste. Labor starts to replace god and becomes more important.
Nature imposes another element. Locke could make a law of moral distribution but instead he
turns to agriculture which is a natural development of mixing nature and lannd,
redistribution of goods. Prioritizing labor needs to be honored. Rewarding communally
beneficial work takes priority over agriculture. Locke is a bit more matetrialistic and
therefore money. Disparity with money. He saysties invention of money to industriousness that
results in accumulation of proerty. S m ore rewarding. When we’ve accumulated more we’ve
moved from the natural state to cvil groups to protect our wealth. He moves to protection of
private property which moves to be the basis of the private contract. Moral sentiments aare just
what needs to b appealed to . civil society exists for the protection of private property.
To consent to international money is to consent to
LOCKIAN EMPHASIS ON ECONOMICS CIVIL SOCIETY AS THE NEGATION OF
STATE OF NATURe. STUDY QUESTIONS FOR THE LECTURE OF NOVEMBER 26
1. This is Family Week in Locke. In Chapter 6, he expounds the
reciprocal rights and obligations of parents and children,
and in Chapter 7, those of husbands and wives. Here as
elsewhere, Locke parades the Christian character of his
understanding. Today's question is multiple choice: Would you
say that Locke's teaching on the family owes more to (A.) the
Bible; or (B.) Thomas Hobbes?
Patriarchal means ruled byt the father. These governments were to mirror god rule over the
humans, the biblical model of rule. Lockes objection to this is that the mother has and equal
title. Locke contents that children are in equal obedience to both mother and father. (hoobes)
law of moses causes the same punishment if you were disobedient to mother and father. Family is
not authoritarian. Sec 52-71 reciprocal obligations of parents and children. Child owes in
honore for the rest of his life. Prental authority is not lasting, ends as soon as children an
provide for themselves. Honor does not necessarily mean obey. Every decent character obeys the
parent until their last breath. Bible: the sduty to honor is categorical and unconditional no ifs
ands or buts! In locke its not and unconditional duty so long as they provide and educate you.
Depends on how well pparents have done to him. The child judges parents. Honorings contingency
that the suggestion the human family rests on strnger bonds. The childs anticipation of a legacy
>sec 72-73 p. 42. : we see two things…liberal society emancipates chidren , they may be cut off