POL201Y1 Lecture Notes - Lecture 3: Dissolution Of The Soviet Union, Proxy War, Carnation Revolution

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He defines the waves of democratization as the way of group of transition from nondemocratic to democratic. Wave: a group of transitions from non-democratic to democratic regimes that occur within a specified period of time and that significantly outnumber transitions in the opposite direction during that period. Demands of voice and political participation rose as the result of revolutions. People rose up and demanded to elect their representatives. The first wave dies out in 19th century. Democracy was imposed on the countries that lost in ww2. 3rd wave: began in april,1974 when portuguese regime was overthrown. Trying of democracy was surprise and it was the beginning of democratization. When 3rd wave began, there were only about 40 democratic countries in the world who are mostly industrialized countries. Military and one party dictatorship were norm in the rest of the world. 1974, the transition to democracy gradually happened around the world. 1990s: philippines, s. korea, taiwan, bangladesh, and eastern europe.

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