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24 Nov 2010
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Politics of Development: Week 4 t October 4th, 2010
Colonialism
Factory Employment, Production of Surplus, Economic Specialization leads to
Urbanization, Literacy, Media Participation leads to
Union Organization, Demands for Universal Suffrage, Political Organization
- Example of Industrial revolution is hardly cannot be generalized to other settings
- Most countries do not follow process of modernization to democracy
- 64 former colonies of 195 countries in the world
o Many of these colonies are among the poorest in the world
Colonial Nigeria:
- 1900 Nigeria is colonized
- In so called scramble of Africa, Imperialists drew boundaries that separated same groups and
put together different rival groups
- Important to be attentive to starting conditions when comparing developing nations
Pre-colonial starting point: political system, slave trade, technological capacity
Political System:
- In South, Yoruba Kingdoms
o Each one had very little political power
o Kings shared powers with chiefs in diffuse authority patterns
o Never amalgamated into strong centralized authorities
Implications:
o Little extractive capacity (resources or labour)
o No way of coercing populations no way of raising army
Fairly easy to penetrate and conquer
x British did not meet much resistance when expanded from coast
- In North, Sokoto Caliphate
o Large, stable, centralized
o Large tracts of land
o Political units shared religion, Islam
o Greater extractive capacity, some productive capacity, offered some resistance to
colonial rule
Slave Trade:
www.notesolution.com
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Document Summary

Politics of development: week 4 j october 4th, 2010. Factory employment, production of surplus, economic specialization leads to. Union organization, demands for universal suffrage, political organization. Example of industrial revolution is hardly cannot be generalized to other settings. Most countries do not follow process of modernization to democracy. 64 former colonies of 195 countries in the world: many of these colonies are among the poorest in the world. In so called scramble of africa, imperialists drew boundaries that separated same groups and put together different rival groups. Important to be attentive to starting conditions when comparing developing nations. Pre-colonial starting point: political system, slave trade, technological capacity. In south, yoruba kingdoms: each one had very little political power, kings shared powers with chiefs in diffuse authority patterns, never amalgamated into strong centralized authorities. Implications: little extractive capacity (resources or labour, no way of coercing populations no way of raising army.

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