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POL201Y1 (200)
Lecture

Colonialism


Department
Political Science
Course Code
POL201Y1
Professor
Sophia Moreau

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Politics of Development: Week 4 t October 4th, 2010
Colonialism
Factory Employment, Production of Surplus, Economic Specialization leads to
Urbanization, Literacy, Media Participation leads to
Union Organization, Demands for Universal Suffrage, Political Organization
- Example of Industrial revolution is hardly cannot be generalized to other settings
- Most countries do not follow process of modernization to democracy
- 64 former colonies of 195 countries in the world
o Many of these colonies are among the poorest in the world
Colonial Nigeria:
- 1900 Nigeria is colonized
- In so called scramble of Africa, Imperialists drew boundaries that separated same groups and
put together different rival groups
- Important to be attentive to starting conditions when comparing developing nations
Pre-colonial starting point: political system, slave trade, technological capacity
Political System:
- In South, Yoruba Kingdoms
o Each one had very little political power
o Kings shared powers with chiefs in diffuse authority patterns
o Never amalgamated into strong centralized authorities
Implications:
o Little extractive capacity (resources or labour)
o No way of coercing populations no way of raising army
Fairly easy to penetrate and conquer
x British did not meet much resistance when expanded from coast
- In North, Sokoto Caliphate
o Large, stable, centralized
o Large tracts of land
o Political units shared religion, Islam
o Greater extractive capacity, some productive capacity, offered some resistance to
colonial rule
Slave Trade:
www.notesolution.com
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