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Lecture

Lecture #3


Department
Political Science
Course Code
POL201Y1
Professor
Sophia Moreau

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POL201 Lecture 3
September 27th 2010
Why the industrial revolution particular to Britain?
The way in which the government was implicated in creating the market
Modernization In the Eyes of Lerner
Cold war between US and Soviet Union
oBegan in early 1950s
o2 superpowers began to divide the world through the lenses of democracy and
communism
oUS Foreign policy: what conditions will allow countries to adopt democratic
governments?
A lot of funding granted to study parts of the world
Central concern of us government
As a result, students begin studying parts of the colonial world
2nd impulse driving scientists to study these regions was de-
colonization
Starting in 1948 with india, most colonies managed to become
independent; most countries free by 1963 (short period of time
for decolonization)
For political scientists, for th first time there are actually
politics in parts of the world that had been devoid of politics
Africa had been firmly in the domain of anthropology prior to
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the 1950s; it was not a place to study political organization and
motivation
Many graduate students inspired by this huge wave of anti-
colonialism
3rd impulse is the rise in GNP worldwide
Happened in latin America, asia and turkey
Strides driven by and resulted in many changes on the ground
oThings like urbanization
oLiteracy
oPolitical participation
oMedia engagement
oMobility
Conflated modernity
Lerner focuses on Balgat, a small village outside of the capital city of
Ankara, Turkey
focuses on modernity and development through democracy
many things pointed out, mostly focusing on the traditional
economy coming out of Balgat
focuses on the features of tradition
oisolation (Blagat only 8 kilometres from Ankara. Takes
2 hours to get there, no road, no transportation. People
who live there rarely leave, sell a small portion of what
they make, they do not participate in a market economy.
Chief only left the village twice to fight wars, grocer
leaves most frequently to purchase from Ankara
obalgat has one radio, which belongs to the chief
ochief invites only a few people to listen with him, and
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the only program available is a government station,
which is mediated by the chief
oa 3rd feature is the chief himself
represents hierarchical and hereditary
tradition gets performed through rigid adherence
to status and hierarchy
not only is there no physical mobility in
traditional society; however, there is no social
mobility
what does the chief talk about? He doesnt talk
about much, doesnt answer most questions, has
no interest in most matters; his themes are
obedience, integrity etc
this is Turkish traditional mindset
where would you live? Would you move to US?
What if you were President?
Refuses to answer these questions;
Lerners LACK OF EMPATHY
oInability to project a
hypothetical life unto yourself
Lack of toleration
Chief values homogeneity, conformity
Most villagers share his suspicion for
change
Stands in for society, represents the
important characteristics of tradition
Traditional values and ways of life have to be
overcome and destroyed if modernity is to claim a
foothold
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