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Lecture

Presidential and Parlamentary Systems


Department
Political Science
Course Code
POL201Y1
Professor
Sophia Moreau

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POL201 Presidentialism and Parliamentarism Monday,
January 31st/ 11
You cant tell if its a transition to a democracy until long after the transition
has happened.
Different systems are structured differently with power distributed in
different ways. Though neither is seen as more or less democratic, different
ways of organizing power.
Parliamentary System
Party leader is picked by parliament- voters elect members of parliament, the
party that wins that election automatically becomes Prime Minister. Cabinet
Ministers, Prime Minister and Crown (or rep)
Majority government - wins majority of seats
Minority government - wins more seats than any other party, hasnt won
more than half - can have a minority government or form a coalition. It can
still govern so long as it doesnt face a no confidence vote
Coalition government parties work together to undermine minority
government
In a parliament system elections can be part of a party strategy where as
elections happen according to time in a presidentary system.
------------------------------------ Queen ------------------------------------------
- -
-
Executive Branch - Senate -
Legislative Branch
- 105 Members appointed by PM who
- may serve up to the age of 75
Prime Minister
First reading - The bill is considered read for the first time and is printed
Second reading Members debate bills principle
Committee Stage - Committee members study the bill clause by clause
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