Lecture 3 (Jan. 24).rtf

18 views2 pages
25 Apr 2012
School
Course
Professor
Lecture 3 (January 24)
- preconditions of democracy
- poverty and equality
- create conditions for regimes to take root, make it difficult for democracies to hold
- Seymour Lipsit (sp?) raised issue
- existence in democratic politics = democratic institutions in presence of weak
democratic practice
- minimum level of equality to produce democratic unknown
- also question of basic level of national unity
- interest in participating in same institutions
- debate over boundaries a problem, especially in Africa where boundaries created
externally during decolonization
- modernization needed for creation of middle class, but ome argue instead the working
class is most important
- culture involved also it is suggested
- i.e. protestantism better for democracy than catholicism due to hierarchy involved
- culture should be condusive to democratic culture
- democratic transitions:
- collapse of fascism in Portugal and Spain led to collapse of economy
- followed by democratization wave in Europe
- 3rd wave of democracy, late 1970's to mid 1990's
- unravels authoritarian regimes internationally
- how and why do they?
- groups that form ruling elite start fracturing
- divisiveness over how to maintain control, the use of wealth gathered, etc. for example
- main dynamic is interaction between hardliners, radicals, and moderates
- type of transition emerges from this interaction
- all fighting for control
- these political factors exist in an economic space
- many authoritarian regimes brought about significant economic growth
- in absence of economic growth, difficulty for authoritarian government legitimate
themselves
- in midst of economic crisis, authoritarian government has hardened their rule
- African countries facing serious economic problems by the 1980's due to debt crisis
- more potential for popular opinion to mobilize against the government
- internal protest emerged and grew
Unlock document

This preview shows half of the first page of the document.
Unlock all 2 pages and 3 million more documents.

Already have an account? Log in

Get OneClass Notes+

Unlimited access to class notes and textbook notes.

YearlyBest Value
75% OFF
$8 USD/m
Monthly
$30 USD/m
You will be charged $96 USD upfront and auto renewed at the end of each cycle. You may cancel anytime under Payment Settings. For more information, see our Terms and Privacy.
Payments are encrypted using 256-bit SSL. Powered by Stripe.