P&D: Democratic Transitions
Jan 24th 2011
Cause of the first wave was modernization.
x Literacy, factory work, rise of middle class
o Brought on by revolution
1924-1942 t 22 democracies became undemocratic, first wave over
15 yrs after wave
o Germany, Italy, Japan
Democracy imposed on them
x India, Ghana, Malaysia, Nigeria etc
x April 1974
When this began only 40 democracies in world
x mostly advanced industrial nations.
x Military and 1 party dictatorships were the norm in Latin America, Asia, East Europe,
Since 1974, democracies are on the rise. Spain, Greece, Portugal
x >íõóì[t oÇôì[
o Ecuador, Bolivia, Argentina, Brazil
o Philippines, S. Korea (87) Taiwan (87) Bengladesh (91) Eastern Europe.
By 1987 2 of every 5 countries were democracies.
Still the regional phenomenon was not global.
o This changes in 1989 (Berlin Wall)
o Fall of Soviets 1999
These also had an effect on Africa. Many proxy wars were fought in Africa.
o War in Angola, started in 1974
o Gained independence , result of Portuguese coup
x Gave up colonies
N literacy, factory work, rise of middle class: brought on by revolution. 1924-1942 j 22 democracies became undemocratic, first wave over. 15 yrs after wave: imposition, germany, italy, japan. When this began only 40 democracies in world. N military and 1 party dictatorships were the norm in latin america, asia, east europe, N zj z: ecuador, bolivia, argentina, brazil. N , z: philippines, s. korea (87) taiwan (87) bengladesh (91) eastern europe. S by 1987 2 of every 5 countries were democracies. Still the regional phenomenon was not global: this changes in 1989 (berlin wall, fall of soviets 1999. Many proxy wars were fought in africa: war in angola, started in 1974, gained independence , result of portuguese coup. 3 groups of rebels struggling for power, groups that won independence identified itself as socialist. S. africa argued that angola would fall to communism becoming a security threat and threat of further communist expansions.