Multiculturalism

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Published on 9 Apr 2011
School
UTSG
Department
Political Science
Course
POL201Y1
Professor
March 14, 2011
MULTICULTURALISM
How do liberal democratic states deal with cultural religious and linguistic
difference?
Democratic self identification is almost universal
Appeal to democratic principles to achieve legitimacy
Race, ethnicity, language and religion are dominant sources of political claims at
the same time of the third wave of democracy (spreading throughout the world)
Democracy and ethnic politics are on the rise. How do both interact??
Q. What are the obligation s of the state towards thse who are culturally distinct
Types of Groups/types of minorities
Kymlicka: -
He distinguishes 2 types of histories that produce multiethnic states
1. National Minorities
2. Ethnic Minorities
The differences in the accommodations groups deserve, depends on how they came to
be where and who they are (history)
a country that has national minorities is multinational, if it has immigrant minorities
then its polyethnic, most countries are both
National Minorities; are regionally concentrated (territorially) not geographically
dispersed throughout state, the have a common memory/history
They have functioning institutions, schools, governing bodies etc
They share and distinct language and culture
Only under multiculturalism do founding nations based on this title get more rights
What produces national minorities?
By conquest or colonizers in the case of Indigenous people
Territory giving up one to a country (Louisiana to USA)
There is a level of coercion involved
www.notesolution.com
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Every group has different claims, coming up with stories to justify why they
should get x,y,z rights
What are immigrants?
Different from national minorities, people who move as individuals or families, by
choice for work or other reason
Moving in search of opportunity?
almost move out of economic necessity
State violence, other forms of violence
Not entirely by choice
They ften do not live in territorially concentrated areas
They do not control areas either
Dont have intact social institutions (school or gov bodies)
They wont have schools that extend fluency in their native language
Not self-governing
They will not be able to conduct economic life in their mother tongues
They conduct their private daily lives in their culture and language
Given all of the above assimilation is the most likely result for them
In Canadian context:
He identifies First nations Aboriginals and the Québécois by the same rules
Based on the history of their incorporation into Canadian federation
This isnt true because Québécois are colonists and the first nations are indigenous
peoples
Quebecoise also come to Canada as immigrants, and by violent means became
national minorities
Settled together geographically, usurping self-governing powers of the indigenous
population
(Kymlickas argument) Indigenous should have different obligations towards these
different populations
www.notesolution.com
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Document Summary

Race, ethnicity, language and religion are dominant sources of political claims at the same time of the third wave of democracy (spreading throughout the world) Democracy and ethnic politics are on the rise. How do both interact: what are the obligation s of the state towards thse who are culturally distinct. What are immigrants: different from national minorities, people who move as individuals or families, by choice for work or other reason, moving in search of opportunity? almost move out of economic necessity. Settled together geographically, usurping self-governing powers of the indigenous population (kymlicka"s argument) indigenous should have different obligations towards these different populations www. notesolution. com limited access to benefits and resources, citizenship status, and are marginalized. So it will quickly lead to assimilation into greater public sphere as they culture is limited to their homes: multiculturalism. Superseded both assimilation and privatization www. notesolution. com: not only allows for difference; aims to protect and preserve these differences into the future.