-when politiciaians invoke the idea that they have a mandate they are invoking a will of the
people, they mean that the will of the people is behind them.
-the classical doctrine of democracy is an institional method the common will, into a set of
policies that reflect the common good.
-the will of the people through deliberation the people uncover what the common good is going
to be and that is their will.
-develops a critique of the classical doctrine of democracy that we were talking about.
-he uses this critique to make his own theory of democracy.
Basic map of classical democratic theory::::
Common will>>>democratic process of deliberation>>>common good
If you have deliberation among the citizens, its going to generate through soemkind of process its
going to generate the common will.
-what people come up through deliberation will be the common will.
So SCHUMPETER develops a critique of this theory.
-he first says: THERE IS NO COMMON GOOD, there is no best policy that would make
everyone better off, because people have different conceptions of the common good, somecare
more about environment, some care about healthcare, etc. people disagree about what the
common good is, so each person has his/her own utility graph, they each have their own
conception of the common good, people have different things that they value in life.
-this is not because humans beings are unreasonable or uneducated, its because humans have
different natural inclinations, and stand in differeing relations to the structure of power, some are
wealthy some are poor, some are members of this party some are memebrs of a different party,
people have different interests because they stand in different realtions to the structure of power.
-so there is not objectivelyty identifiable common good, there is no set policies that dmeoracy is
suppose to support.
-the classical theory says there is a a right set of policies in society and the job of democracy is to
uncover this right set of policies.
SCHUMPETETER says there is no such right policies.
-there are only competing conceptions of individual will of people.
-schumpeter says there is ALSO NO COMMON WILL
-if there is no common good there cannot be a common will, there are only individual will of
people, the will of people might add up to the will of the majority, but not the whole people.
-he says that if there seems that there is a common will, then what it is infact, is a manufactured
-he argues that the democratic process does not express the common will, but it might produce
seomthing thtat produces the common will.