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Lecture

Kaplan lecture

6 Pages
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Department
Political Science
Course Code
POL201Y1
Professor
Sophia Moreau

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Lecture on Kaplan Jan 10 2011 POL201Y
Francis Fukuyama
Claims that the collapse of the Soviet Union is the end of history because democracy is
the highest achievement and highest form of government
Fukuyamas teleological argument
-Democracy is the highest point of human political organization, the endpoint of
history
-Democracy is good, widespread, and here to stay
Marxs teleological theory of history
Historical progress:
1.Primitive communism (hunter-gatherer)
2.Slave society (beginning of class society)
3.Feudalism
4.Capitalism
5.Socialism
6.Communism : Final stage
Was Democracy Just a Moment? (KAPLAN)
-Democracy is not necessarily good
-Real democracy is hardly widespread
-It is becoming less democratic (not here to stay)
1.Democracies are value-neutral
www.notesolution.com
oHitler and Mussolini were democracies but produced a bad outcome
oThere are no guarantees that democratic processes will produce good
outcomes
oDemocracy is inherently neither good nor bad
oDemocracy is nothing but an electoral mechanism
Democracy is not the one being exported, only elections are exported
2.Democracies emerge successfully only as a capstone to other social and economic
achievements
(It is only an organic outgrowth of development)
Prerequisites of democracy:
oLiteracy and Education
a democratic public should be informed, otherwise decisions are based
on bad reasons
People can only be informed if they are literate
Lack of education and literacy limits the franchise to those who are
wealthy and educated
Problem 1: uneducated are not selected randomly, they are a
particular segment of the population (ex. Blacks being excluded
from voting because they were uneducated)
Problem 2: the poor and uneducated have different interests
from the rich and educated
Problem 3: Literate and educated people dont always make
good decisions
oMiddle Class
www.notesolution.com

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Description
Lecture on Kaplan Jan 10 2011 POL201Y Francis Fukuyama Claims that the collapse of the Soviet Union is the end of history because democracy is the highest achievement and highest form of government Fukuyamas teleological argument - Democracy is the highest point of human political organization, the endpoint of history - Democracy is good, widespread, and here to stay Marxs teleological theory of history Historical progress: 1. Primitive communism (hunter-gatherer) 2. Slave society (beginning of class society) 3. Feudalism 4. Capitalism 5. Socialism 6. Communism : Final stage Was Democracy Just a Moment? (KAPLAN) - Democracy is not necessarily good - Real democracy is hardly widespread - It is becoming less democratic (not here to stay) 1. Democracies are value-neutral www.notesolution.com
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