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Lecture

Kaplan lecture

6 Pages
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Department
Political Science
Course Code
POL201Y1
Professor
Sophia Moreau

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POL201Y - Elections and Representation
Feb 7th 2011
Voting - lodges sovereignty of the people
LEGITIMIZES government, leaders, and legislation
Obligates citizens to abide by government laws and policies
Voting and elections
Modern democracy
Representative democracy
A decision is only democratic through consensus
Direct democracy
Referendum piece of policy given to the public for approval/denial
Voting is a matter of delegating someone power on your behalf
Expanding the franchise of voting:
Male, white, property owners Male, white Male (around WW1) all adult citizens
Democracy before worked on extending the franchise to those who were excluded before
but thats not how it works now
ELECTORAL SYSTEMS
-Profoundly affect the outcome of elections because none of them are neutral
-Institutionalized uncertainty is a democratic electoral system
TWO TYPES OF ELECTORAL SYSTEM
1.Majoritarian System
www.notesolution.com
oMajority 50% +1
oPlurality (First past the Post) party wins if they get more votes than any
other party or candidate. It does not need a majority to win.
A city is divided into ridings which are geographically different in
size, depending on the number of people in an area
-Input is representative but outward is NOT
An FPTP system over represents the winning party on the way it
organizes the Parliamentary seats based on the popular votes they get
-Regional concentration of each party in each electoral
base is important
-A party will do poorly if they are dispersed, a party with
a concentrated support base will do good. Special
diffusion matters a lot because there will always be a
minority in a riding
-However, votes are wasted if support base is too
concentrated because they wont count. Youd rather
have them in a different district to win a second seat in
Parliament.
Ex. South Carolina Republicans waste one
district of black supermajority and get the
surrounding 5 districts full of Republicans
-In URBAN AREAS, there are two types of voters:
People who vote left are highly concentrated in
urban areas
1.Workers
2.Highly educated young people
-SUBURBAN AND RURAL AREAS
Rightists are highly concentrated here
www.notesolution.com

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Description
POL201Y - Elections and Representation Feb 7 2011 Voting - lodges sovereignty of the people LEGITIMIZES government, leaders, and legislation Obligates citizens to abide by government laws and policies Voting and elections Modern democracy Representative democracy A decision is only democratic through consensus Direct democracy Referendum piece of policy given to the public for approvaldenial Voting is a matter of delegating someone power on your behalf Expanding the franchise of voting: Male, white, property owners Male, white Male (around WW1) all adult citizens Democracy before worked on extending the franchise to those who were excluded before but thats not how it works now ELECTORAL SYSTEMS - Profoundly affect the outcome of elections because none of them are neutral - Institutionalized uncertainty is a democratic electoral system TWO TYPES OF ELECTORAL SYSTEM 1. Majoritarian System www.notesolution.com
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