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Lecture

Multiculturalism

5 Pages
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Department
Political Science
Course Code
POL201Y1
Professor
Sophia Moreau

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Multiculturalism
Liberalism is about how to deal with difference in society. Multiculturalism is the same
How to liberals deal with social, cultural differences?
Democratic self identification is almost universal
Principles of democracy are hegemonic because every country feels the need to appeal to
democratic values
Rise of ethnicity, race, religion, as a way of political policy making coincided with rise of
democracy around the globe
Both democracy and ethnic politics are on the rise, how do they interact?
2 Questions
oNormative, obligations of states to those distinct?
oWhat are the mechanisms employed to meet demands?
Policies, institutions etc
Types of Groups & Solutions
Kymlicka distinguishes two types of groups that distinguish types of stats
oNational Minorities and Immigrant Societies
Dont deal with ethnic difference as if they are the same, different groups require different
solutions
You have historical differences which dictate how they came to be where they are. It is what
matters when they are adapting solutions
Countries with national minorities = multi-national.
If It has immigrant minorities = polyethnic
Most countries are both
National Minorities
Territorially bounded or concentrated
Historical community, common history
www.notesolution.com
Functioning social institutions (churches, schools etc)
A distinct language or culture
Ways to be a country with a national minority
Colonized or conquered
States sell or give up land (Alaska, Louisiana, Quebec)
Immigrant Societies
People who move from one country to another in search of opportunity, do so by choice
Degree to which immigrants move by choice is debateable. A lot move due to
outside
Immigrants are different than National minorities because
Immigrants often do not live in distinct territories. Areas such as China
Town yes, but larger territorial occupation no.
No not have functioning social institutions
Not self-governing
oNot able to conduct policies etc in own language. Assimilation more
likely because of this
In a Canadian context
Quebecois and First Nations are national minorities with some range of entitlements
Are colonists national minorities or are they immigrants ( creates a problem for Kymlicka)
Eg. Quebecois
Colonist Immigrants ------territorial concentration-----British Conquest-----------National
Minority
Bleeding between categories
www.notesolution.com

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Description
Multiculturalism Liberalism is about how to deal with difference in society. Multiculturalism is the same How to liberals deal with social, cultural differences? Democratic self identification is almost universal Principles of democracy are hegemonic because every country feels the need to appeal to democratic values Rise of ethnicity, race, religion, as a way of political policy making coincided with rise of democracy around the globe Both democracy and ethnic politics are on the rise, how do they interact? 2 Questions o Normative, obligations of states to those distinct? o What are the mechanisms employed to meet demands? Policies, institutions etc Types of Groups & Solutions Kymlicka distinguishes two types of groups that distinguish types of stats o National Minorities and Immigrant Societies Dont deal with ethnic difference as if they are the same, different groups require different solutions You have historical differences which dictate how they came to be where they are. It is what matters when they are adapting solutions Countries with national minorities = multi-national. If It has immigrant minorities = polyethnic Most countries are both National Minorities Territorially bounded or concentrated Historical community, common history www.notesolution.com
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