Class Notes (906,046)
CA (538,595)
UTSG (45,723)
POL201Y1 (221)
Lecture

Third Wave Democracy

7 Pages
68 Views

Department
Political Science
Course Code
POL201Y1
Professor
Sophia Moreau

This preview shows pages 1-2. Sign up to view the full 7 pages of the document.
pOL 201
semester 2 lecture 3
Jan 24 2011
Third Wave:
april 1974
-portugese dictatorship overthrown
-portugal had never been a democracy
-just been through 1/2 century of fascist rule
- Portugese armed forces was split into conservative moderate and marxist factions
-triumph of demo was beginning of long wave of democratic expansion that continued
for 3 decades
-when 3rd wave began, only 40 democracies in the world
-these 40 were in advanced countries- US CAnada, NZ, Japan, Europe, INDia
-several carribbean democracies- more island states became independent and
democratized
-military dictatorships were in Asia, AFrica, Middle east,
-soviet union was in communist rule
Since 1974
-democracies expanded
-in greece transition to demo began
-Spanish transition in late 1970s- miltary rule began to unravel in LAtin America
- military rule was more successful in CHile and thus it was delayed to democratize
-by mid 1980s demo spread to Asia
-forcing withdrawal of Korean military
-marshall law was lifted in Taiwan
-1991 pakistan, , BAngladesh Nepal became democracies
-by 1987 the third wave has spread to 2/5 states in the world has democracies
-still left gaping holes in eastern europe, africa, and middle east
-democracies is still a regional phenomenon
-this changes dramatically in 1989 with fall of berlin wall and fall of soviet union in 1991
-HUGE MOMENT
-by 1990, one year after collapse most states of E Europe held elections
-collapse of communism brought changes to Africa. WHy? : what people thought about
COld war and its threat was that the 2 superpowers - SU and US would lead to nuclear
war. This never happened. THis does not mean the cold war was never fought- it was
fought mostly in developed countries called proxy wars-
-proxy wars were domestic conflicts- superpowers fought as to whether it would be
democratic (US)or communist (SU)
-the whole world was divided about which country would fall with which superpower
-the cold war was fought out on the grounds
www.notesolution.com
Many proxy wars were fought in Africa
-example: war in Angola:
-started when it gained independence in 1974,
-as a result of the cou in portugal
-portugal gives up its colonies- including Angola
-at this time, there are three groups of rebels or freedom fighters who are struggling for
power in Angola
-one of the factions won and the others were oppositional
-the Angolan government- group that won- identified itself as socialist
-as a socialist it received helped from USSR and Cuba
-Angola is very close to South Africa,
-South Africa is fearing that Angola would fall to communism because it is declared as
socialist and receives assistance from cuba and ussr
-thus SA sees ANgola as a threat
-SA becomes involved in the war in angola with the rebels against the government
-once the war becomes framed in this way- as a matter of geopolitical importance in the
context of the cold war, US gets involved as well on SAs side
-troops are sent by US as well as weapons and intelligence capacity
-now you have a local conflict become a site of international warfare
-Cuba sends over soldiers
-this goes on for 20 years
-end of the COld war- 1989- 91: the USSR, US, Cuba, SA withdraws from Angola
-this is not the only case: Mozambique, El Salvador, Nicaragua
-most of these conflicts end
-the end as a result of the end of the cold war
Cold war took a toll on the global south
-there was no capacity for institution building, bureaucratization
-all of these proxy wars prevents countries to transition to democracy
-starting in early 90s, must of Africa is freed from this
-many Africans start to rethink democratic agreements/institutions
-feb 1990, 2 seminal events that launched new wave of democracy
-1st happens in Benin
Benin
-declared itself sovereign
-power was seized from existing government and transition to demo ensued
SA
-apartheid regime
-nelson mandela was freed and universal suffrage in 1994
www.notesolution.com

Loved by over 2.2 million students

Over 90% improved by at least one letter grade.

Leah — University of Toronto

OneClass has been such a huge help in my studies at UofT especially since I am a transfer student. OneClass is the study buddy I never had before and definitely gives me the extra push to get from a B to an A!

Leah — University of Toronto
Saarim — University of Michigan

Balancing social life With academics can be difficult, that is why I'm so glad that OneClass is out there where I can find the top notes for all of my classes. Now I can be the all-star student I want to be.

Saarim — University of Michigan
Jenna — University of Wisconsin

As a college student living on a college budget, I love how easy it is to earn gift cards just by submitting my notes.

Jenna — University of Wisconsin
Anne — University of California

OneClass has allowed me to catch up with my most difficult course! #lifesaver

Anne — University of California
Description
pOL 201 semester 2 lecture 3 Jan 24 2011 Third Wave: april 1974 - portugese dictatorship overthrown - portugal had never been a democracy - just been through 12 century of fascist rule - Portugese armed forces was split into conservative moderate and marxist factions - triumph of demo was beginning of long wave of democratic expansion that continued for 3 decades - when 3rd wave began, only 40 democracies in the world - these 40 were in advanced countries- US CAnada, NZ, Japan, Europe, INDia - several carribbean democracies- more island states became independent and democratized - military dictatorships were in Asia, AFrica, Middle east, - soviet union was in communist rule Since 1974 - democracies expanded - in greece transition to demo began - Spanish transition in late 1970s- miltary rule began to unravel in LAtin America - military rule was more successful in CHile and thus it was delayed to democratize - by mid 1980s demo spread to Asia - forcing withdrawal of Korean military - marshall law was lifted in Taiwan - 1991 pakistan, , BAngladesh Nepal became democracies - by 1987 the third wave has spread to 25 states in the world has democracies - still left gaping holes in eastern europe, africa, and middle east - democracies is still a regional phenomenon - this changes dramatically in 1989 with fall of berlin wall and fall of soviet union in 1991 - HUGE MOMENT - by 1990, one year after collapse most states of E Europe held elections - collapse of communism brought changes to Africa. WHy? : what people thought about COld war and its threat was that the 2 superpowers - SU and US would lead to nuclear war. This never happened. THis does not mean the cold war was never fought- it was fought mostly in developed countries called proxy wars- - proxy wars were domestic conflicts- superpowers fought as to whether it would be democratic (US)or communist (SU) - the whole world was divided about which country would fall with which superpower - the cold war was fought out on the grounds www.notesolution.com
More Less
Unlock Document


Only pages 1-2 are available for preview. Some parts have been intentionally blurred.

Unlock Document
You're Reading a Preview

Unlock to view full version

Unlock Document

Log In


OR

Don't have an account?

Join OneClass

Access over 10 million pages of study
documents for 1.3 million courses.

Sign up

Join to view


OR

By registering, I agree to the Terms and Privacy Policies
Already have an account?
Just a few more details

So we can recommend you notes for your school.

Reset Password

Please enter below the email address you registered with and we will send you a link to reset your password.

Add your courses

Get notes from the top students in your class.


Submit