standard practice in American primaries and democrats have completely moved away
from that while republicans are in some instances running winner take all
•Proportional representation (PR)- opposes the winner take all system but means
that the division stands in votes. If 30% vote one way, 30% another and 40% another
then they would all stand to represent what they won. Ways to solve this are: One
variation is going by congressional district, winner takes all by districts and divide
candidates into their respective winning districts. The other variation would be to have
the winner take all by district but also to have a certain number of delegates, a number
divisible by 10 that will go proportional throughout the state.
•Congressional district- are state has 5 congressional districts, we are going to do
winner takes all in each of these districts and divide are candidates on that basis. So if
each district A, B, C then the delegation will be split two fifths for A two fifths for B
and one fifth for C
•Mixed PR and congressional district- once you have been nominated by your party,
you then run for that office with other parties and you are now running in general
elections, you are running to be elected as you are nominated already. In those
elections everyone who is a registered voter votes not just the party.
The electoral college
• each state sends delegates to the electoral college, the day the electoral college
meets, they go to the state capital, each state capital has its own meetings, they sit
down debate and vote. It’s the electoral who actually elect the president the United
States. They are actually the ones who sit and debate about who the president will be.
They will take into consideration who the people voted for but constitutionally they are
able to vote for whoever they want as long as they follow some minor requirements for
presidency found in the constitution.
•The framers fear demagog winning the popular vote just like Hitler in Germany.
Before an election, there are a slate of electors, and these slate of electors go and cast
there vote for who they think the president should be on paper. So when people on
election day come to a voting booth and vote, on paper, in theory, all they are doing is
making a recommendation to the electors. The number of electors that each state gets
in the electoral college= the number of representatives and senators that the state has.
•Constitutional amendment says that the district of Colombia gets 3 electors. The
recommendation of the state is that all electors from a state vote for this person.
Maine and Nebraska have this mixed set up, they say, your recommendation.
•Party activists- people that are actively engaged in the party, they tend to be the
most extremist in primaries and caucus. The people who care primarily about
abortions, gay marriages etc.
•In closed caucus and primaries you get the hard line party members and the more
National convention purposes
•National conventions are the place that the party is supposed to rile around its
•To facilitate the great luther