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lecture for sept. 29th, 2010

Political Science
Course Code
La Haine

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The politics of reality-politics based on practical rather than moral or ideological
Conservatives. Minimalist/expansionist, militaristic
It doesn’t matter if a cat is black or white, so long as it catches mice (Deng
Xiaoping); “unholy alliances
Power politics; actors follow international interest
E.H. Carr
20 years’ crisis, 1919-1930
Places its emphasis on the acceptance of facts and the analysis of their causes
and consequences.” (Carr, 1930) (Vs. idealism, which is when people see the
world as they want to see it not as it is)
T. Hobbes, 1588-1679
(Professor gave a background of Hobbes)
He wanted to do to politics what geometry does to math, i.e. a set of laws that will solve
the problems of politics
He wrote the leviathan (1651)
-He began a thought experiment
The state of nature:
How will people behave when all the world institutions collapse?
In a state of nature: a “war of every man against every man”
We won’t have time to develop our society because we are too busy fighting
Life is “solitary, poor, nasty, brutish and short”
The solution!the state
a state as an institution can solve the state of nature
the logic Hobbes’ argument 1
-man is a selfish hedonist: “of the voluntary acts of every man, the object is some good to
-all ppl are equal, rational, and possessing a passionate love of survival (right of nature
only right that existthe right to survive)
-a person’s right of nature justifies violence against everyone else
-In the interests of personal survival, ppl will come around to agree that they should
renounce their right to use violence
Argument 2
-The creation of the leviathan enforces stability-citizens give up their independence to
busy stability-[we give up our basic right but it protects us and allows us to live a better
-The leviathan gets ultimate authority and a monopoly over the use of violence
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