POL208Y1 Lecture Notes - Counterfactual Conditional, Thought Experiment

30 views2 pages
1 Dec 2010
School
Course
Professor
Levels of Analysis of International Events.
-J David Singer (1960) Domestic/International: Micro/Macro
-Russett, Starr & KinsellaL individual, decision makers, government structure, society,
international relations, world system.
-How can we judge which level matters most?
-Thought experiment (counterfactuals - what if things were not this way, what if
Harper was not PM, would we still be in Afghanistan?)
-Why did USA bomb Hiroshima? Retaliation? - International relations or Financial? -
Society.
The world system is the most difficult to understand because it is the most abstract.
What is a world system? A system is a set of interacting elements. We try to understand
system through: structure (usually measured by the distribution of power); technology;
systemic level of conflict; distribution of wealth; norms. Example: multi-polarity vs.
bipolarity vs. unipolarity… is one better then another? Counterfactual: under different
systemic constraints the outcome would have been different.
Levels of Analysis - Summary
-The choice of level of analysis depends on: the question we ask; the case; our
theoretical assumptions and preferences.
-Levels of analysis are not mutually exclusive - they capture different parts of the story.
-We need to be able to justify our choice - why did we choose to use this specific level?
-Levels of analysis are not a theory but the choice often involves theoretical
assumptions.
What is a theory?
-A description
-An explanation: Deduction, not simply induction.
-A tool for generating predictions/prescriptions
-Falsifiable
-Components:
-Assumptions
-Logic-causal explanation
-Predictions, hypotheses
Paradigm
-A philosophical and theoretical framework of a scientific school or discipline within
which theories, laws, and generalizations and the experiments performed in support of
them are formulated.
-In IR: realism, liberalism, Marxism
Induction
-One piece of data to lead us to the next.
-Problem: What are the relevant data to collect?
-What evidence to collect to explain war and peace?
www.notesolution.com
Unlock document

This preview shows half of the first page of the document.
Unlock all 2 pages and 3 million more documents.

Already have an account? Log in

Document Summary

Russett, starr & kinsellal individual, decision makers, government structure, society, international relations, world system. Thought experiment (counterfactuals - what if things were not this way, what if. Harper was not pm, would we still be in afghanistan?) The world system is the most dif cult to understand because it is the most abstract. A system is a set of interacting elements. We try to understand system through: structure (usually measured by the distribution of power); technology; systemic level of con ict; distribution of wealth; norms. Counterfactual: under different systemic constraints the outcome would have been different. The choice of level of analysis depends on: the question we ask; the case; our theoretical assumptions and preferences. Levels of analysis are not mutually exclusive - they capture different parts of the story. Levels of analysis are not a theory but the choice often involves theoretical assumptions.

Get access

Grade+
$10 USD/m
Billed $120 USD annually
Grade+
Homework Help
Study Guides
Textbook Solutions
Class Notes
Textbook Notes
Booster Class
40 Verified Answers
Class+
$8 USD/m
Billed $96 USD annually
Class+
Homework Help
Study Guides
Textbook Solutions
Class Notes
Textbook Notes
Booster Class
30 Verified Answers