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POL208Y1 (500)
Lecture

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Department
Political Science
Course Code
POL208Y1
Professor
John Haines

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Tuesday September 14, 2010
x Introduction
1. Decision to drop the bomb on Hiroshima and Nagasaki
2. The fall of the Berlin Wall and the end of the Cold War
3. 9/11
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Tuesday September 21, 2010
x Globalization
- Positives vs. Negatives:
- Travel > airplanes making it easier to travel worldwide
- Easy travel = massive immigration patterns (good or bad?)
- Television: allows for mass media to cover all international stories
- Instant news = instant ability to obtain aid for international crisis
- Mobile phones > changes process of business
- Internet > ease of access
- Financial Activities> transaction of money globally
- Assets spread worldwide\interconnected
- Crash of the US housing bubble = massive impact worldwide
- Collapse of one bank, leads to collapse of entire banking system = banking economy
collapses
- Global branching\branding:
- McDonalds
- Car Corporations> GM t American?
- (Majority of its production is made outside of the states)
Why Globalization has become so important today:
1. Last 20 years, we have seen the liberalization of markets, rise of free markets
2. Living in a post cold war world, fall of the Berlin wall and end of USSR.
3. The success of countries which chose to be open, led to imitation by other nations
- Globalization can be defined as a historical process involving a fundamental shift or
transformation in the scale of social organization
- End of 19th cent. Beginning of ww1 = first phase of Globalization
- Process of globalization is not automatic > can be reversed
- The Grand Illusion > world is so globalized that war does not make sense anymore (written
in 1910)
- What is the impact of Globalization on international politics?
- 1. Minimalist opinion says the essence of int. Politics remains the same
- Still living in a world where states are the main and most important units and actors
- State has more power than any corporation
- Globalization is not truly global > only includes small portion of the world (77% of int. Users
belongs to industrialized nations)
- 2. Maximums: Globalization is on the edge of changing the fundamentals of politics
- The state has lost its capacity to regulate
- Look at the state of Iceland > its fall in to bankruptcy
-
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- Changes from the Westphalia Order
- 1. ]Ç}(Z}PµoÁZ[P}]vP}v]v]}Zreased
- State sovereignty has been modified to an absolute concept to a matter of negotiation
- 2. Classically, change in the realm of domestic politics and foreign policy
- Today: domestic politics is largely driving foreign policy
- Interconnection between dom. Politics and for. Policy is less common than before
- Intrusion of the private sector into foreign policies
- Private firms fighting in the IraqAfg war
- 3. Increased complexity of events around the world
- Large amount of actors involved in international issues
- No global governance capacity to regulate current international activities
Summary
- Not a uniformed movement of change
- Did not eradicate conflict rather increased conflicts
- Conflicts have been changed by globalization, however if anything have been exacerbated
by it
- Global governance
- Impact on international institutions after the state
- Beyond financial crisis, fundamental reform of global governance practice by int. Inst.
- Int. Inst. Such as UN, IMF have to move beyond communication, and make decisions
-
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