lecture 1

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Published on 5 Dec 2010
School
UTSG
Department
Political Science
Course
POL208Y1
Professor
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of 2
POL208
Lecture 1
14-Sep-10
Three crucial events
1. Decision to drop the bomb in Hiroshima
2. Fall of the berlin wall in 1989
3. 9/11-terrorist attack
-from these three events we are still living with the shadow.
-on Aug 6 two nuclear bombs were dropped on Hiroshima, killing 200 000 people.
-First time nuclear bombs used
-this decision to drop the bomb ended WWII
-how was this decision was unanimous, which causes mass murder killing 200 000 civilians.
-the main reason why such a decision was made was because the US was at war.
-the invasion of mainland Japan was done because it would save American lives and Japanese
lives, in the form that less soldier casualties.
-from US perspective the bombing was a mass murder
- the nuclear bomb was the tip of the campaign for US
-President Armand Truman was inexperienced with international affairs. He was unaware of the
nuclear project, the Manhattan project which was top secret.
-the VP didnt even know about.
-Truman was feeling the pressure and signed a paper to pass the project.
-Truman was just a pawn in the whole scenario
-Diplomats, this bombing would show Russia and the world that US was the most powerful
nation in the world.
-Russia was USs ally but there was a lot of tension.
-why didnt the US just show the Japanese a demonstration of the bomb on a stranded island?
Scientists were not sure if the bombs would work.
-these bombs were so powerful that it changed the whole world. This bomb is 10 times stronger
than TNT.
-one single bomb can waste a whole city. There is no defense or shield against an atom or
nuclear bomb. This changed the whole world.
-the decision was unanimous and there was no discrepancies. Britain and Canada agreed with the
bombing.
-the fall of the Berlin wall was a surprise to everyone, even to the Germans. No academic could
predict the fall of the Berlin wall and the cold war.
-the object was to decrease the pressure on the soviets because the arms war was so hot.
-sending tanks to stop a freedom demonstration in the USSR, that era is gone.
- Iron curtain inside Europe that divided communism and democracy.
-In a conference it was stated that freedom of travel was allowed in Germany. So, hundreds of
thousands Germans went to the wall on brought it down.
-Non-tangible elements, is the flow of information between both sides of Germany, east and
west.
-the flow of money from west Germany to east Germany.
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-9/11 attack by Al-Qaida was out of the blue.
-there was a failure of intelligence.
-the leader or official may have 50 reports on his desk about Al-Qaida planning an attack on US.
-if there is not any operational evidence action cannot be taken.
-the way Al-Qaida planned the attack was out of the blue.
-the use of an American airliner to carry out the attack
-there was no way to stop the attack.
-Al-Qaida used the openes of the US system to conduct the attack.
-Y Al-Qaida attacked? There were US troops in Saudi Arabia at the most religious Muslim place.
-4 airliners were hijacked in 15 mins. These hijackers were planning 3 years in advance. The
hijackers were trained in the US and Europe.
-The impact of 9/11 on American society is deep and profound.
-before 9/11 the strategy was to use force, where there was zero US casualties. Ex: in Kosovo the
attack was from high altitude. After 9/11 that strategy was changed.
-if your president during 9/11 you have to ask. What could happen tomorrow? Something a lot
worse?
-9/11 changed the use of force in Washington.
-non-state actors were used to carry out the attacks.
-there was instant communication between these terrorist groups.
-world politics is also about personality and character of an individual leader.
-the role of decision making. The position of advisors, the institution they do represent, they’re
respective. It matters so much
-structure of govt and the type of system the govt is. The freedom of choice is different.
-the characteristics of the society itself. Economic conditions are resources available. Culture is
very important.
-the relation among states. History of the relationship.
-emerging interdependencies between China and US.
-moving from bipolar world to a unique polar world and now to a multi polar world.
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Document Summary

Three crucial events: decision to drop the bomb in hiroshima, fall of the berlin wall in 1989, 9/11-terrorist attack. From these three events we are still living with the shadow. On aug 6 two nuclear bombs were dropped on hiroshima, killing 200 000 people. This decision to drop the bomb ended wwii. How was this decision was unanimous, which causes mass murder killing 200 000 civilians. The main reason why such a decision was made was because the us was at war. The invasion of mainland japan was done because it would save american lives and japanese lives, in the form that less soldier casualties. From us perspective the bombing was a mass murder. The nuclear bomb was the tip of the campaign for us. President armand truman was inexperienced with international affairs. He was unaware of the nuclear project, the manhattan project which was top secret. Truman was feeling the pressure and signed a paper to pass the project.