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POL208Y1 (501)
Lecture

First Lecture

3 Pages
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Department
Political Science
Course Code
POL208Y1
Professor
John Haines

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POL208: Lecture 1
3 crucial events in world history:
1. Decision to drop the atomic bomb
2. Fall of the Berlin wall
3. 9/11
Atomic Bomb:
x August 6th and 9th: Hiroshima and Nagasaki: 200 000 civilian deaths
x Led to the end of WWII
x Why was the decision unanimous?
o Simply b/c America was at war with Japan
o Battle with Japan led to high American casualties
o Pentagon forecasted nearly 250 000 American deaths
o Full invasion of Japan would be extremely costly
o Using the atomic would end up saving lives (not only American bust also
Japanese)
x The nuclear attack was part of a massive bombardment campaign; Tokyo was already
being bombed: 60 000 casualties
x ³6KRFNDQG$Z
o **the dropping of the bomb was meant to show the Soviets that America was the
strongest and most powerful nation --- balance of power (still only a theory)
x President Truman was inexperienced with foreign affairs; he was unaware of the
Manhattan Project
o Faced pressure from all guards of the government
o Did not have the same authority as FDR
x Why was the bomb not dropped on less populated area?
o Scientists were not sure if the bomb would actually work: therefore a failed
demonstration was too risky
o The US at the time only had 3 operational bombs: they did not wish to waste any
o Americans were unsure if this would be enough to push Japan to surrender
x Capacity of punishment became incredibly high; there was no shield
x The Brits and the Canadians were in agreement with the US
Fall of the Berlin Wall
x November 1989
x 3UHVLGHQW%XVK³,)WKH5XVVLDQOHWWKDWKDSSHQ WKH\PXVWEHVHULRXVDERXWUHIRU
x Came as a surprise to all; including the Germans
x Gorbachev Factor:
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Description
POL208: Lecture 1 3 crucial events in world history: 1. Decision to drop the atomic bomb 2. Fall of the Berlin wall 3. 911 Atomic Bomb: N August 6 and 9 : Hiroshima and Nagasaki: 200 000 civilian deaths N Led to the end of WWII N Why was the decision unanimous? o Simply bc America was at war with Japan o Battle with Japan led to high American casualties o Pentagon forecasted nearly 250 000 American deaths o Full invasion of Japan would be extremely costly o Using the atomic would end up saving lives (not only American bust also Japanese) N The nuclear attack was part of a massive bombardment campaign; Tokyo was already being bombed: 60 000 casualties N $K4.N,3Z0 o **the dropping of the bomb was meant to show the Soviets that America was the strongest and most powerful nation --- balance of power (still only a theory) N Presiden
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