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Lecture

Globalization Book Summary


Department
Political Science
Course Code
POL208Y1
Professor
John Haines

Page:
of 2
Global and global politics
Globalization
x stretching of social political and economic activities across political frontiers so that events,
decisions and activities in one region of the world come to have a significance for individuals
and communities in distant regions of the globe.
x The intensification or the growing magnitude of our interconnectedness. Ex SARS virus, world
trade.
x Accelerating pace of global interactions and process as the evolution of the worldwide systems
of transport and communication increases the rapidity or velocity with which ideas, news,
goods,information, capital, and technology move around the world. ex.call centers in India
x growing extensity,intensity, and velocity of global interactions is associated with a depending
enmeshment of the local and global in so far as local events may come to have global
consequences, creating collective awareness or consciousness of the world as a shared social
space that is globality or globalism.
x Hyperglobalists suggest the demise of the sovereign nation-state as global forces undermine the
ability of governments to control their own economies and societies.
x Sceptics reject the idea of globalization as so much 'gloaloney', argue that states and geopolitics
remain the principal forces shaping world order.
x Time- space compression- shrinking world- in which sources of even very local developments
from employment to ethnic conflict may be traced to distant conditions or decisions.
x Deterritorialization: as social, political, and economic activities are increasingly 'stretched'
across the globe, they become in a significant sense no longer organized solely according to a
strictly territorial logic.
x A 'shrinking world' implies that sites of power and the subjects of power quite literally may be
continents apart.
x Internationalization refers to growing independence between states, the very idea of
internationalization presumes that they remain discrete national units with clearly demarcated
borders.
x Regionalization can be conceived as the intensification of patterns of interconnectedness and
integration among states which share common borders or are geographically proximate as in the
European Union.
x Violence has always been central to globalization whether in the form of the 'new imperialism'
of the 1890s or the current war on global terror'.
x Constitutions are important because they establish the location of legitimate political authority
within a policy and the rules which inform the exercise and limits of political power
x Sovereignty involved the rightful entitlement to exclusive, unqualified and supreme rule within
a delimited territory.
x As krasner, recognizes, the Westphalian system has for many states been little more than a form
of organized hypocrisy.
x Great divide is treating political life as having two quite seperate spheres of action, the domestic
and the international, which operate according to different logics with different rules, actors,
and agendas
x global politics, is the concept that focusses our attention upon the global structures and
processes of rule making, problem-solving, and the maintenance of security and order in the
world system
x Global polity within which “interests are articulated and aggregated, decisions are made, values
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allocated and policies conducted through international or transnational political processes.
x In becoming more embedded in frameworks of global and regional governance, states confront
a real dilemma in return for more effective publice policy and meeting their citizen's demands ,
their capacity for self-governance
x Unitary state is being displaced by the image of the disaggregated state in which its constituent
agencies increasingly interact with their counterparts abroad, international agencies, and Ngos
in the management of common and global affairs.
x Politics understood as that of activities concerned primarily with the achievement of order and
justie does not recognize territoral boundaries. It questions the utility of the distinction between
the domestic and the foreign, inside and outside the territorial state, the national and the
international since decisions and actions taken in once region of the globe, with the result that
domestics politics is internationalized and world politics becomes domesticated.
x National polities no longer function as closed systems.
x First, enormous inequalities of power between states;second, global governance is shaped bu an
unwritten constitution that tends to privilege the interests and agenda of global capitalism; third,
the technocratic nature of much global decision-making, from health to security, tends to
exclude many with a legitimate stake in the outcomes,
x Distorted global politics:'distorted' in the sense that inevitably those states and groups with
greater power resources and access to key sites of global decision making tend to have the
greatest control or influence over the agenda and outcomes of global politics.
x Globalization- Double Democratic Deficit
Õ it has compounded the tension between democracy as a territoriality rooted system of
rule and operation of global markets and transnational networks of corporate power.
Õ It has also been associated with the emergence of a distorted global politcs in which
power asymmetries and global institutions more often than not enhance the interests of
global elites at the expense of the wider world community.
x Double democratic deficy and global poverty reduction is the greatest ethical and political
challenge of the twenty-first century.
x Cosmopolitanism presents a radical critique of distorted global politics for the manner in which
it perpetuates global inequalities and therefore global injustices.
x Cosmopolitan democracy can be concieved as a basis for combining the democratization of
global governance with the pursuit of global social justice.
x It seeks to nurture and insitionalize some og the core values of social democracy- the rue of law,
political equality, democratic governance, social justice, social solidarity, and economic
efficency- within global power systems.
î It seeks to reinvigorate democracy within states by extending democracy to relations
between and across states.
x The principles of self-determination, the rule of law, popular sovereignty,democratic legitmacy,
the legal equality of states and even redistributution are embedded in global politics.
x Globalization thereby has provoked major political reactions which in their more progressive
manifestations have engendered a wider political debate about the democratic credentials of the
existing global governance complex.
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