Class Notes (1,100,000)
CA (650,000)
UTSG (50,000)
POL208Y1 (500)
Lecture

Non-State Actors.docx


Department
Political Science
Course Code
POL208Y1
Professor
Lilach Gilady

Page:
of 4
01/03/2014
01/03/2014
Power Shift by Jessica T. Mathews 01/03/2014
The Rise of Global Civil Society
The end of the Cold War has brought a redistribution of state power – states are sharing political,
social, and security roles with businesses, IO’s, and NGO’s
International standards are beginning to override national/regional singularity – the global marketplace
and public opinion are swaying state actions
“Nontraditional” threats are on the rise – terrorism, organized crime, drug trafficking, etc.
There has been a rise in civil conflicts inflicted by governments on their people – there is a growing
sense that individual security cannot be ensured by military and foreign relations, but instead through
food, shelter, employment, health, and public safety
Technology has played a role in shifting perceptions – immediate information and a change in the way
we think about “community”, increasing the influence of non-state actors
Non-state actors have never before been this strong
Dial Locally, Act Globally
There are potentially millions of active NGO’s and they all work to sway governments, and often have
more clout than IO’s
E.g. when NAFTA was being drafted behind closed doors NGO’s demanded that the continent be more
transparent
Change is being accelerated across the world because of NGO’s
Out of the Hallway, Around the Table
With climate change, NGO’s began acting long before governments did
The influence of NGO’s in climate talks has not been matched in an other arena
One World Business
Globalization of financial markets/businesses has meant that multinational organizations have to
immerse themselves in whatever nation they reside in
Global business also means global crime that is difficult for states to control; states have to cooperate if
they want change
Born-Again Institutions
IO’s have traditionally been by and for nation-states. Now they’re building constituencies of their own
and through NGO’s establishing direct connections with the people
Governments are inadequately funding IO’s, which are trying to take a new front and centre role in
world affairs and conflicts
Leaps of Imagination
We must think of politics beyond realist terms
Are there new geographic/functional entities that might grow up beside the state, taking over some of
its power and emotional resonance?