New type seems to offer new features t the large number of casualties, 911 killed
nearly 3000 ppl ,attack in Madrid 2004 cost live of 200 ppl t íð]((}u]v]v}v]v
Madrid, London 2007 t 52 ppl killed- bombs in tube and 1 in bus. Bali- 300 ppl killed
x Trned here mass number of causalities is objective
o Several attempts have been fought- most imp to explode 10 aircrafts from London to US
caught just before }][ board the planes.
o Second aspect of new terrorists is their global reach. Asia, Europe, US.
o Seems to be active in countries like Yemen, Somali, Pakistan, and Afghanistan
Al-Qaida means the base, the network.
In Afghanistan and Pakistan they seem to conduct terrorist plans all over the world.
The ideology behind al Qaeda is aiming at the west for what they are doing and what the west
o 3rd aspect is the relationship with globalization
These terrorist using feature of globalization that we are in everyday life, they use
technology to recruit sympathizers around the world. The peak of the Iraqi conflict and today in
x Using Westside? To recruit potential members. In Europe more than 10000
citizens recruited by Al Qaeda affiliates were recruited to fight in Iraq?
x Use info technology, websites are used, any attempt to shut down this
x Use globalization in the tactic they use. They turn assets of globalization
against countries. 911 was civilian aliars used as missiles. Problem is everything can
become a weapon.
o The most worrying aspect is the use of weapons of mass destruction. So not a surprise that
after 911 a large number of countries worried about likelihood of nuclear terrorists. After 911 if
civilian aligners maybe their groups can use nuclear devices that can be shifted and put on an
aircraft. The likelihood of a terrorist group acquiring a nuclear weapon is Very small
The black market of nuclear material t highest catch was 48 grams. You need 25 kilos
of HEU? to build most basic bomb on scale of bomb of Hiroshima
Fear of dirty bomb? The explosion is small but the explosion on contamination is high.
x After 911, 1% doctoring was driving foreign policy to a foreign use?
- Terrorists can disrupt how modern society functions. Networks of food, water electricity,
computer. There are several ups where vulnerabilities of society are very Z]PZX/uP]vZ[
an attack in Istanbul. The traffic on boshphorous is very imp for Europe and Asia. The security in
ports like Notre dame and conc is seriously improved since 911.
- The used globalization against use forces dimension about these new type of terrorist groups
- Religious element introduces new element in terrorism. They refer t o it as global jihad. No way
we can deter these groups on acting because they are carrying so values, no compromise seems
possible. Terrorists not seeming to modify social pored, but to replace it then it seems
impossible to even talk to them. So religion became the supreme justification for killing
innocent ppl. And use the tactic of suicide terrorism.