of a matter of nature than nature. The very identity of an actor will shape its interests. Thus
being French America or Chinese is something curial important for a constructivism. It is more
than a name in the passport. An identity involves the history and the culture of that specific
country. IT does explain largely how an actor will define its own interests. Thus a constructivist
will look at that kind of actors. How an actor will frame this interests. Thus role of identity is
crucial for this approach. For realist they }v[ look at this at all. For them it is always state a
state B state C, }v[ matter where ur from, only thing that matter is the power behind that
o Constructivists say this is crucial because that identity shapes its interests.
- Sovereignty is socially constructed among states. It is not given. It is the product of an
understand of a soft agreement among states regarding the concept of sovereignty. The actually
meaning of sovereignty depends on the collective meaning about it.
o Sovereignty: a gove. a territory, a populations
Form legal point of view there is a dimension of recognizition by other states t
exist, there must be a collective agreement of ur existence. Thus sovereignty is a
In 20centru, sovereignty was perceived largely as being absolutely. Had
concepts such as responsibility to protect agreed at un level t what ur doing in
ur owns ]u}(}vv(}]vv]}vo}uuµv]ÇXv](µ}v[
behave in a proper way, the international community may intervene so thus the
concept of sovereignty is not as absolute as it was before.
50 years ago, (peak of cold war as well) what the soviet union was doing in
Poland was a matter for the soviet union only.
These day when dictator is acting badly, the international community wrong? To
interfere. So the sovereignty idea has clearly changed.
Thus sovereignty: is a collective agreement and an understanding among actor
Sovereignty is constantly changing in Europe? Union. They sovereignty of France
ad Germany is not absolute at all. So it is truly what collectively the EU members
will say. It is not out there as nature and objective facts. It is transformed on a
daily basis on collective agreement and disagreement.
Actions, and motivation
Constructivism will have diff view of action in world politic. Underlines diff logic
behind diff actions because they stress the coll..
- According to the logic of consequence:
o Several option, you must choose one which will benefit the best.
o Constructivists have logic of upper behaviousness (constructivists take of motivation
Actions- must be adequate/decent/ proper action to do?
By asking this they underling another set of motivation.
Question is it properÆ linked to understanding to what is appropriate or not.
Dynamic changing , Z[ why constructivist used to this changing around
- Concept of anarchy
o If sovereignty is socially constructed then so is anarchy
o Realists thin anarchy is a givenX}v[lv}Á}µ}u}}Áu}v]vPZµZÇ
o Constructivists think anarchy is what states make it, not a top to down hierarchy,