POL208Y1 Lecture Notes - Appeasement, Fidel Castro
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•Series of lectures on security wars and conflicts……the 20 century war
•Then cold war
•The facts that entire country they give it to war…..economy are driven into the fight
•They are global and touch the entire planet. The first and second world war have
these specific characteristic
•The idealogoy behind these wars, historian calls this the age of extreme. Which looks
at the ideologies behind world war one and ww2
•World war one was such a shattering even, no one would ever recover from it….EU
was central of civilization, and that idea is over…
•And world war two the matter of Holocaust….
•We focus on these two :
1.To review the function of forces…
2.Basic component behind military strategy….
•Forces: we distinguish four function
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•Defensive use of arm forces, deployment of military power to achieve basic
objective…and to minimize to damage oneself if the attack take place…for defensive
purposes, states may turn these forces again those attackers not against
population….. you can these forces when the attack occur or may be tempted to
strike first if believed that attack is eminent…or enemy is on the verge of attacking
you, you don’t wait for it and you move first…. It is about moving first…instead of
waiting that your enemy cross border…it is better to strike first than to be
stroked….Prevention is a defensive mode…it is lower probably of being under
attack….the best defensive good offence…Prevention is the ideas of eminent is a
sense of eminent attack…..ex:1981 struck the nuclear capabilities of Iraq
•Deterrence: Deployment of military power…..to prevent something that someone
doesn’t want to do…it is the threat of retaliation…to prevent ….the target of
deterrence of posture is not only adversary forces but also adversary population…it
is based on state ability to convince, that it has the capacity to punish and welling to
punish….is using force peaceful…if the threat is to carried out, the notion is failed.
Fidel Castro wanted to use nuclear weapon to save Cuba…so for Castro the rule of
deterrence didn’t apply. The difference between force and deterrence your arm forces
are targeted….in case of deterrence; it is targeting population and infrastructure as
•Compelance: the actual use of force directed to stop adversary from doing something
that is doing…it is influencing adversary through actual use of force… the key
aspect of compelence not to use force to destroy but sending signal to change
behavior. Example is conflict in Kosovo to do ethnic cleansing...so the target is
•Swaggering: Displaying your forces. To send a message to the rest of the world, about
the actual and potential capabilities….national parade…missiles and tanks are
displayed to show the world that what are required …to signal others ….aimed at
emence reputation….an image on the war seen.
•Foot note: the utility of force has changed radically; it is now about war amongst the
people for the people. Counter insurgency and peacekeeping endeavor, force is only
component of a broader strategy involving state building and aid programs……
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