Lecture 5.docx

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31 Mar 2012
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Lecture 5
Outline:
-Feminism
-Rational choice (game theory):
-What is rationality
-Coordination Games: Battle of the Sexes
-Nash equilibrium
-Focal points
-Non Cooperative Games: Prisoner•fs Dilemma; Chicken
-The evolution of cooperation
-Brinkmanship; the rationality of irrationality
-Critique
-The essay is not a traditional research paper. FUCK YEAH LIBYA.
-http://projects.washingtonpost.com/obama-speeches/656
-ONLY ONE QUESTION
-No additional research
-Myth: what is established and not defied as possibly false. Apartheid was perfectly
acceptable and the norm at the beginning of the 20th Century. By 1980•fs, they became
unacceptable, therefore foreign policies changed.
Feminism: feminism doesn•ft provide us with a framework to study IR, it is not unified.
It provides us with a critique of the dominant approaches and some questions. Does the
inclusion of women in IR really change how we understand IR? Essentialism: is the
claim that women are fundamentally different in their perceptions from their male
counterparts (women are from Venus?). Are women generally more peaceful than men?
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How would it all change if women were more generally included in IR? Essentialists say
there are many differences in the way both sexes perceive the world. Are these
differences fundamental?
Debates: liberal and radical approaches. Liberals tend to argue for the greater inclusion
of women in IR and politics, as a mean of humanizing politics in both national and
international levels. Radicals tend to argue that affirmative action is required to change
international politics: the institutions have to change, not who controls them. The
radicals say that once they are absorbed into world politics they act more •gmasculine•h,
they become stronger and corrupted. Liberals would tend to see the limitations of the
ability to transform the game because of the number of women who participate,
therefore they wouldn•ft manage key positions. Marxists argue that at the core is the
capitalist system, which has to be transformed to allow women to participate. The postcolonial
contribution shows the role of women in the developed world.
-Observations of the gender gap
-Perception of dominant paradigms participating in IR tend to reinforce patriarchy.
-Realism is accused of being a culp of masculinity with their concepts of anarchy and
sovereignty being masculinized.
-The scientific method is NOT gender neutral. Notions of the state of nature are not
gender neutral.
-Feminism tends to problematize IR, but doesn•ft offer a consistent alternative to the
status quo.
-Dangerous behaviours in IR are generally associated with women: weakness, softness,
needs help, etc.
Global Ecopolitical Theory: what happens to our overall analysis of IR if we include
the environment in it, and how can this be done? In 2005 the Millennium Ecosystems
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