•The inconsistencies not only obvious in the cases you may chose, also evident in domestic
•3rd difficulty-the absence of domestic base for action
•Ex. Not many demonstrations in favour of an intervention in Darfur
•Most of the time a case has to be built, public opinion has to be convinced
•On the other hand a public outcry could lead to inappropriate action, ignore local realities etc
•Leaders intervening need:
•Sound principle and effectiveness
•The art of the possible
•Tension between what you want to do and what you have the means to do
•Morality of the objective is always relative
•There is no universally accepted standards
•Decision maker might be incompatible with anther’s claim
•No single inter. Moral code
•^ leads to principle of self restraint
•Unintended consequences of that action
•Ex. You might consider that child labour in bangladesh might be stopped. It is a moral
imperative. Yet, without a proper educational system, such a prohibition could lead to
•For every moral position you take there are always moral consequences
•The current case of Libya--moral point of view, it makes sense to help the opposition to take
power and to keep kedafi out of power. How do you do that?
•A direct intervention may not be welcomed from the local pop.
•Indeed message we have gotten from opposition- is you will do more harm than good
•What can we do to limit the power of destruction kedafi can unleash?
•Idea: no fly zone---kedafi can’t bomb civilians
•Military points out that first you would have to bomb their air military force and you may in
doing so trigger collateral damages and strengthen position of kedafi inside Libya
•You may turn some part of the pop. Against you
•Yet at the end of the day the moral choice is about avoiding massacre in libya
•Do you wait for actual massacre to do something?
•Can you act preventatively
•Can you do it without the help of other countries?
•All these questions create dilemmas
•Not surprising issues of human rights are so diff. To tackle
•Moral choice MUST be a pragmatic one
•And yet over the years in Bosnia, rwanda, Congo, there is a matter of regularity in human
rights violation that leads us to disappear
•Short attn. Span of media is that respect is always incredible
•Specific case of humanitarian intervention-always a tough call-some have been successful,
most have been unsuccessful
•Inter. Community is basically learning by doing
•UN has changed way it does peacekeeping and intervention business