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POL208Y1 (501)
Lecture

The notes for the february 1 - the week of jan 31

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Department
Political Science
Course Code
POL208Y1
Professor
John Haines

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POL208 Tues jan 31
2 mil ppl protesting in Cairo matter of rejoicing
As always when there is sometimes like revolution, there are deep root causes and some
more immediate causes
Root causes: autocratic regimes managed to alienate 90% o pop. Tunisia- this coupled with
kleptocracy, the royal family hijacking a huge portion of the economy.
Economic crisis brewing in this region level of corruption + general awareness of pop that
no the same elsewhere
Immediate factor: student in Tunisia started it. The point is that it succeed the ppl didnt
ask the ruler to leave the country, its the military did that, it succeeded
Egypt consequences fairly obvious
Asked for one thing, departure of Mubarak - he tried to save regime by putting new
cabinet+ vice pres. this attempt unlikely to succeed
Crucial factor: the world beyond. Is the army ready to save the regime, to shoot its own
citizens.
Early demonstrations army refused to use force crucial factor
Why were these regimes accepted by big powers and received a label of legitimace for so
long:
Tunisia: france is key partner, their position is its bin ali or bin laden key is stability of
regime.
Otherwise would have lead to rise of unacceptable tyrannical power. Therefore bin ali
accepted as leader. Nations putting premium on stability rather than dem .
Message to bin ali: were ready to help u crush these demonstrations.
Tunisia demonstrations = success
Role of new media: fb, twitter influenced these events. Info travelling faster. Seen by a lot
more ppl with internet
Howevs, with Egypt, since last Saturday, theres no internet, theyve cut it off. Gov also
trying to close don al jazeera office, imp media centres. Regime is targeting internet and al
jazeera shows coup of new media. Al jazeera still broadcasting from Qatar.
www.notesolution.com
2 questions what is the ripple effect from Egypt to elsewhere? Algeria effect less likely.
Army in past used massive violence against pop. They killed 2000 ppl, so scenario where
army stands by without acting is unlikely
Saudi - combination of US help and support will probs be too strong to defeat. Dilemma:
supporting dem while stopping revolts.
Egypt: peaceful transition? Army is basically protecting Mubarak palace?
Other countries are afraid of whats happening in Egypt iran said theyre supporting the
demonstrations, but theyre still afraid for their own regime.
Middle east question of democratization is now much more open.
FOLLOW THESE EVENTS
Overview
The UN system and role of more broadly
History of UN+ how it created
Role of main bodies
Role of its agencies role of dpqo department of peace keeping operation
Question of the crisis of the UN? + crisis of financial instits, reason why thers no bretton
woods after 1978
Today
Financial today v diff from 1945
30,000 int orgs. Some int orgs are governmental orgs, where states are members and a vast
number of ngos. First category –applications are mostly regional ex. African union tried
but unsuccessful, in ivory coast to get rid of dict.
Some int org are v. specific - orgs on energy, nuclear power, offers info on proliferation ex
iran. Follow ups on IAEA
Other orgs dealing with specific corporations problem may be deailing with small group of
nations
Among ngos, some have gained a very auspicious status amnesty int, red cross,working v
closely with UN ex. Haiti, red cross UN other int orgs working together
www.notesolution.com
Plethora of int orgs and ngos. The most imp of these is the UN .
History of UN System
World leader startted to think about he architecture for peace and security well before 1945.
The word united nations made in 1942. Roosevelt clear idea about post war actions.
Wanted to learn from league of nations failure. It was a question of membership US,
germ, jap were outside of it. Fundamental treaty b/w agenda of disarmament and objective
of punishing countries who were threatening world peace- you cant confront nazi germ if u
dont have the capabilities to do so. Essence of collective security the collective mut be able
to act, to punish, to got to war against one threatening nation 9nazi germ) - agenda of
disarmament made thi almost impossible. Unanimity need meant that one state could block
the action.
Rossevelt wanted 4 policemen for the world: china, Russia, uk, us. The idea of special
powers survived as security council (p5 5 permanent members have veto that no other
country has) - special prerogative becase of special responsibilities.
USSr not very happy that a country like France could have some power as itself. They
claimed theyre much bigger, so need more votes. Tried to include Ukraine, etc, votes in
security council, but failed. Reason why france in p5 Churchill wanted a eur continental
power to balance the soviet union. It was mostly because of Churchill that france received
that special status
Every member has signed the un charter: 4 main goals of un org. v broad and fairly lib int
agenda
1.To maintain int peace
2.To develop friendly relations among nations
3.To cooperat in solving internal probs and in promoting human rights
4.To be a centre for harmonization of the actions of nations
V lib agenda but with more pragmatic approach than league of nations.
Clear willingness to learn from league of nations and make system more flexible +
powerful. Thats why there is security council
Security council
5 permmnent members, with 10 elected every year. Can trying to get elected this year.
Resolutions from this council are binding, compulsory, but doesnt mean that they are
www.notesolution.com

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Description
POL208 Tues jan 31 2 mil ppl protesting in Cairo matter of rejoicing As always when there is sometimes like revolution, there are deep root causes and some more immediate causes Root causes: autocratic regimes managed to alienate 90% o pop. Tunisia- this coupled with kleptocracy, the royal family hijacking a huge portion of the economy. Economic crisis brewing in this region level of corruption + general awareness of pop that no the same elsewhere Immediate factor: student in Tunisia started it. The point is that it succeed the ppl didnt ask the ruler to leave the country, its the military did that, it succeeded Egypt consequences fairly obvious Asked for one thing, departure of Mubarak - he tried to save regime by putting new cabinet+ vice pres. this attempt unlikely to succeed Crucial factor: the world beyond. Is the army ready to save the regime, to shoot its own citizens. Early demonstrations army refused to use force crucial factor Why were these regimes accepted by big powers and received a label of legitimace for so long: Tunisia: france is key partner, their position is its bin ali or bin laden key is stability of regime. Otherwise would have lead to rise of unacceptable tyrannical power. Therefore bin ali accepted as leader. Nations putting premium on stability rather than dem . Message to bin ali: were ready to help u crush these demonstrations. Tunisia demonstrations = success Role of new media: fb, twitter influenced these events. Info travelling faster. Seen by a lot more ppl with internet Howevs, with Egypt, since last Saturday, theres no internet, theyve cut it off. Gov also trying to close don al jazeera office, imp media centres. Regime is targeting internet and al jazeera shows coup of new media. Al jazeera still broadcasting from Qatar. www.notesolution.com
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