Plethora of int orgs and ngos. The most imp of these is the UN .
History of UN System
World leader startted to think about he architecture for peace and security well before 1945.
The word united nations made in 1942. Roosevelt – clear idea about post war actions.
Wanted to learn from league of nations failure. It was a question of membership – US,
germ, jap were outside of it. Fundamental treaty b/w agenda of disarmament and objective
of punishing countries who were threatening world peace- you cant confront nazi germ if u
don’t have the capabilities to do so. Essence of collective security – the collective mut be able
to act, to punish, to got to war against one threatening nation 9nazi germ) - agenda of
disarmament made thi almost impossible. Unanimity need meant that one state could block
Rossevelt wanted 4 policemen for the world: china, Russia, uk, us. The idea of special
powers survived as security council (p5 – 5 permanent members – have veto that no other
country has) - special prerogative becase of special responsibilities.
USSr not very happy that a country like France could have some power as itself. They
claimed theyre much bigger, so need more votes. Tried to include Ukraine, etc, votes in
security council, but failed. Reason why france in p5 – Churchill wanted a eur continental
power to balance the soviet union. It was mostly because of Churchill that france received
that special status
Every member has signed the un charter: 4 main goals of un org. v broad and fairly lib int
1.To maintain int peace
2.To develop friendly relations among nations
3.To cooperat in solving internal probs and in promoting human rights
4.To be a centre for harmonization of the actions of nations
V lib agenda but with more pragmatic approach than league of nations.
Clear willingness to learn from league of nations and make system more flexible +
powerful. That’s why there is security council
5 permmnent members, with 10 elected every year. Can trying to get elected this year.
Resolutions from this council are binding, compulsory, but doesn’t mean that they are