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Lecture 3

POL208Y1 Lecture Notes - Lecture 3: United Nations General Assembly, Big Bang, Billiard Ball


Department
Political Science
Course Code
POL208Y1
Professor
Lilach Gilady
Lecture
3

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Sovereignty & The Westphalian System 09.25.13
Necessary and Sufficient Conditions
Democracies do not fight one another
Joint democracy – peace
Is it necessary? Sufficient? Both? Neither?
UN General Assembly
This week is the annual meeting of the UN General Assembly
UN is an international organization
You have to be a country to be recognized and participate
Kenya shooting crisis
Also IR but not diplomatic
Dealing with a non-state actor
Crossing borders but not international in the sense that it takes place
between states
Has to do with the classic for of IR
Somalia  the failed state
International relations studies the relations between nations
Borders and countries are what allow for International Relations
Holy Roman Empire 1618-1648
Holy Roman Emperor is claiming his authority from the Pope  directly
coming God
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The Empire is neither Roman nor Holy
In the 17th century the Empire begins to lose authority
Emperor can claim the right to intervene in certain issues while local leaders
cannot make this decisions
No one has sole authority over the land
No one clear authority
The reformation complicates this structure of the Holy Roman Empire
Pope had claim over all Catholic believers but after the reformation this is
not the case
The reformation negates the power and authority of the Catholic church
People were claiming themselves independent of the Church – unaffected by
the rule of the Pope
30 Years War
Begins with King Mateo who does not have an heir to the throne
The local Bohemians do not want to accept the authority of the highly
Catholic emperor who is not even the son of the previous ruler
The Defenestration of Prague (1618)
Emperor Ferdinand sends two representatives
But the representatives are thrown out of the window
Catholic  were brought down by angels so they were not hurt
Protestants  they actually fell in a pile of manure so they were not injured
The representatives go back to Ferdinand and the war begins
The 30 years war killed 1/3 of the European population at the time
Why was it so deadly? Hunger was the main reason for the high death rate
The armies came through the cities and stole all their food supplies
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Starvation would suck – Sian
By the end of the war every is extremely tired and they want to figure out a
way to stop the finding
Peace of Westphalia  starting point of the International system we know
today  the Westphalia system
He who is King has the ability to chose the religion
Peace of Augsburg 1555  takes away the Holy Roman Empire’s authority to
maintain power over all religion  HRE can no longer intervene in the affairs
of the HRE kings
Peace of Westphalia is the first time you see sovereignty as a rule written
down on paper
Universal conception of sovereignty
Sovereignty – What does it mean in practice?
A people, a territory, a bureaucracy, the king as a legal entity
Monopoly over the functions of the state in a defined territory, excluding all
external intervention (monopoly over the legitimate use of force)
The right to conduct foreign relations and sign treaties
Sovereign equality
Sovereignty and the UN
External dimension looks at the organization of the international system – its
validity
The UN is NOT supernational  not trying to take away the sovereignty of
countries
It reemphasizes the principle of sovereignty
It institutionalize and codifies it
Examples
Principle of non-intervention  no country can intervene in the business of
other countries
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