POL208Y1 Lecture Notes - Siege Of Melos, Mechanical Equilibrium, Security Dilemma

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1 Oct 2012
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Liberalism, etc. are paradigms; big theories about the way international relations works; group of theories combined together is usually considered a paradigm. Realism: places its emphasis on the acceptance of facts and on the analysis of their causes and consequences": opposite to idealism; carr coined the term realism. Realists (carr) believes idealism is disconnected from facts and na ve. English philosopher; born and lived in the time of war. Wanted to organize social science the way galileo understood geology; wanted to sum human relations with scientific facts. Leviathan (1651); book on groups of people: starts from a thought experiment; how did society look like before society existed? (nature and men, the state of nature: A war of every man against every man ; hardly able to sleep for fear of attack. Life is solitary, poor, nasty, brutish, and short : the solution -> the state.

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