4 review sessions for midterm ( come with questions) Look at the lecture outlines- treat them as a study guide. They target the most important concepts covered in the lecture. Cuban missile crisis: classic case two super powers driving towards eachother crises have 3 components: surprise, high level of threat, short period of time to make decisions. This type of crisis is one that is likely to produce a high level of stress. The importance of a potentially 4th model that can explain the outcome psychological models. Cognitive models of decision makers during stress. Can we expect actors under conditions of stress to be rational. We need to be able to collect information, assess it. We have to be open to all possibilities and possible information. This takes time, open- mindedness and very careful calculations. What does this say about crisis decision- making. Politicians are especially well suited for stressful environments--- debates, campaigning, competition.