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Lecture

Lec 5: Machinery of Government -Parliament 2

3 Pages
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Department
Political Science
Course Code
POL214Y1
Professor
Victoria Wohl

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Parliament's 3 components
1.
Functions of parliament
2.
Reform issues
3.
MPs as representatives
4.
What MPs do
5.
From bill to law
6.
Parliament is constantly evolving. One reason they can get away a lot is because of the ignorance of
the public and the conventions of parliament.
Ex. Some exec talked about the budget before taking it to the house of commons and this is an
example of how parliament is becoming more insignificant.
Cabinet and PM have seats in the house of commons. The crown is also in cabinet -the PM and
house gets their powers from the crown. Tax and spending bills can only come from the house
of commons. But in S54 says that any bill dealing with taxes or spending must be introduced by
the GG. Aka: her cabinet or her PM. Also no law can be passed without the GG's consent. The
GG can hold back and not pass a law and if its not passed within 2 years its terminated : this is
called the powers of reserve and disallowance.
a.
i.
What happens when there's a stalemate between the house of commons and the senate?
ii.
If you want to change the number of senators then you need seven provinces to agree as
well as the fed gov.
iii.
We dont know if we would need unanimity of seven of ten provinces.
iv.
Senate
b.
House of commons
c.
Parliament's 3 components:
1.
If the GGs speech from the throne passes then the house has professed
confidence in the govt.
a)
Establish a govt
1)
Provide resources for govt
2)
Offer an alternative govt
3)
This is to be a check on the govt. Done in house and in senate
a)
Scrutinize govt performance
4)
House of commons
a)
The MPs are there to represent its ppl
b)
Representation
5)
Mostly predictable wins and losses
a)
You know what the party positions are going to be before the debate begins
because of media
b)
But the point of this is that its for the record. Its written down and recorded.
This is a communication of grievances in the diff societies.
c)
Formal veneer for politics. makes it look official
d)
Debate
6)
Makes the laws formally.
a)
Legitimation
7)
Informs citizens
a)
Informs parliament of grievances of diff constituencies
b)
Parliament expresses society's mind in debate
c)
Communication + education
8)
Recruit +train political leaders
9)
NB: the senate does many of these things but NOT all.
i.
Functions:
Lec 5: Machinery of Government -Parliament
October-12-10
2:16 PM
POL214 Page 1
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Description
Lec5: Machineryof Government - Parliament October-12-10 2:16PM 1. Parliaments3components 2. Functionsofparliament 3. Reformissues 4. MPsas representatives 5. WhatMPs do 6. Frombilltolaw Parliamentisconstantlyevolving.Onereasontheycangetawayalotis becauseoftheignoranceof thepublicandtheconventionsofparliament. Ex.Someexectalkedaboutthebudgetbeforetakingittothehouseofcommonsandthisisan exampleofhowparliamentisbecomingmoreinsignificant. 1. Parliaments3components: a. CabinetandPMhaveseatsin thehouseofcommons.Thecrown isalsoin cabinet -thePM and housegetstheirpowersfromthecrown.Taxandspendingbillscanonlycomefromthehouse ofcommons.ButinS54 says thatany billdealingwithtaxesorspendingmustbeintroducedby theGG. Aka:her cabinetorher PM. Alsonolawcan bepassedwithouttheGGs consent.The GGcan holdback andnot pass a lawand ifits notpassedwithin2yearsits terminated:thisis calledthepowersofreserveanddisallowance. b. Senate i. isappointedinaregionalbasis ii. Whathappenswhentheresastalematebetweenthehouseofcommonsandthesenate? iii. Ifyouwantto changethe numberofsenatorsthenyouneedsevenprovincestoagreeas wellasthefedgov. iv. Wedontknowifwewouldneedunanimityofsevenoftenprovinces. c. Houseofcommons Functions: 1) Establis
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