Lec 5: Machinery of Government -Parliament 2
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Parliament's 3 components
Functions of parliament
MPs as representatives
What MPs do
From bill to law
Parliament is constantly evolving. One reason they can get away a lot is because of the ignorance of
the public and the conventions of parliament.
Ex. Some exec talked about the budget before taking it to the house of commons and this is an
example of how parliament is becoming more insignificant.
Cabinet and PM have seats in the house of commons. The crown is also in cabinet -the PM and
house gets their powers from the crown. Tax and spending bills can only come from the house
of commons. But in S54 says that any bill dealing with taxes or spending must be introduced by
the GG. Aka: her cabinet or her PM. Also no law can be passed without the GG's consent. The
GG can hold back and not pass a law and if its not passed within 2 years its terminated : this is
called the powers of reserve and disallowance.
is appointed in a regional basis
What happens when there's a stalemate between the house of commons and the senate?
If you want to change the number of senators then you need seven provinces to agree as
well as the fed gov.
We dont know if we would need unanimity of seven of ten provinces.
House of commons
Parliament's 3 components:
If the GGs speech from the throne passes then the house has professed
confidence in the govt.
Establish a govt
Provide resources for govt
Offer an alternative govt
This is to be a check on the govt. Done in house and in senate
Scrutinize govt performance
House of commons
The MPs are there to represent its ppl
Mostly predictable wins and losses
You know what the party positions are going to be before the debate begins
because of media
But the point of this is that its for the record. Its written down and recorded.
This is a communication of grievances in the diff societies.
Formal veneer for politics. makes it look official
Makes the laws formally.
Informs parliament of grievances of diff constituencies
Parliament expresses society's mind in debate
Communication + education
Recruit +train political leaders
NB: the senate does many of these things but NOT all.
Lec 5: Machinery of Government -Parliament
POL214 Page 1
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