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POL214Y1 (200)
Lecture

Socio-economic setting


Department
Political Science
Course Code
POL214Y1
Professor
Victoria Wohl

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02:46
January 18, 2011
SOCIO-ECONOMIC SETTINGS? HOW WELL OF ARE CANADIANS WHAT GROUPS
ARE MORE OR LESS WELL-OFF?
WHAT MAKES FOR EQUALITY
Q. WHAT IS IDEOLOGY?
brooks says ideology is ever present, and we all have ideologies whether we accept it or not
Conventional wisdom is pervasive (dominant ideology)
Comes out of French Revolution, by rationalists and supporters of the revolution, whosaw
freedom of thought and expression as the results/accomplishments of the rev
They hoped to develop a science of ideas; ideologists committed to the science of ideas, to get a
true understanding of human nature to help us organize our society to ensure it operates
harmoniously
Def. a body of ideas that reflects the needs and desires of a culture group of people
Expresses the most fundamental ideas of the nature individual and the nature of society and the
nature of relationship of both (liberal definition) liberal because individual is prime. Others dont
see and individual separate from society
Ideologies are interpretations of society, that offer vision of how society and gov ought to be
organized, based on philosophical principles
Political parties use ideologies to formulate heir platforms
A way of interpreting reality
WHAT DO WE MEAN BY LEFT AND RIGHT WING?
Centrist usually means accepting the pervasive wisdom
Left and right are short hand labels for conflicting ideological beliefs on issues of how society is
or should be organized , politics is or should be functioning etc.
Look at the rationale for policy what was policy introduced to do? who is this intended to help?
Socialists associate them selves with victimized, poor, minority groups
Liberals do so with more wealthy among society
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Rightist have more faith in individual than they do government, gov is evil, intrusive, but
necessary to maintain order
Leftists have greater faith in gov and less in markets, that it wont promote the common good,
they want to use government to promote collectivist goals
Rightists see society as a market; people pursuing their own selfish interests
On the right we have libertarians; not opposed to polygamy and gay marriage, or pornography,
prostitution, drug abuse, abortion, suicide also social conservatists have different ideas/ view
though on the right
Some leftists also social democrats and other also have different views like centralizing power in
the state, other believe in the opposite
Left and right cannot be defined by the policy rather the rationale behind the policy
How do we decide what is left or right? What criteria do we use?
1. Ask Experts; political scientists
2. MPs Values; what beliefs do they express and values they display
3. MPs Socio-Economic Status (SES); look at party caucus-if its full of industrialists, and
bankers, CEOs they may be more leftist
4. Voter Support; who are the wealthy voting for can say its right; poor vote for more left but this
is not always the case, wealthy parts of Toronto and Vancouver vote liberal, but Calgary elite vote
conservative
5. Voter Perception;
Party Finance; who pays for the party? If they gets money from rich corps and individuals, can
call it rightist, lesser donations from many less well-off individuals can be called leftist
WHAT DO WE MEAN BY: (NOT THE PARTIES BUT IDEOLOGIES)?
Everyone is a little bit of all three
CONSERVATISM?
Classical Conservatism : British/imperial identity. Church promoted his ideology (reading
66).
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