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Lecture

lecture notes


Department
Political Science
Course Code
POL214Y1
Professor
Victoria Wohl

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Canadian politics January 25th 2011
1. Conservatism, Liberalism, Socialism (Contemporary)
2.What is political culture?
3. 4 Generic approaches to studying political culture.
4. 4 Pathways to studying Canadian political culture?
Q) WHAT DO WE MEAN BY TERMS LIKE LIBERALISM, SOCIALISM,
CONSERVATISISM, CLASSICAL AND CONTEMPORARY AND LEFT AND
RIGHT?
-Contemporary conservatism is almost the antiphasis of classical liberalism.
-right wing classical liberalism
- classical conservatives the govt should control economic goals but should not be
harnassed to achieve them, contemporary conservatives stress authority, hierarchy same
as classical liberalism. The believe in the minimal regulation.dont believe in affirmative
action, individuals as responsible for their own lives, like classical liberalism.
Contemporary conservaties- oppose collectivist policies
-small weak govt minimal taxes want to maximize individual choice. Most comp.
conservtives believe that the state should not be morally neutral. Most in favour of
traditional family vauesetc, uncomfortable with rampant druggies and gay marriage etc.
-contemporary liberalism now seeks to balance indivudal freedom,
- promoting and protecting less disadvantaged people.
- More group focused than classical liberalism or cont. conservatism
- more open to govt regulating capitalism
- regulating the economy, approving social welfare
- social diversity – support diversity through affirmative action programs, hiring in
govt.so it reflect more the populationa t large
- supportive of policies like pay equity
- supportive of public education classical liberalists were not and that included elemtary
school.
- cont. liberals more sympathetic to social entitlements, right to education, shelter and
health. Although all these entitlements were pushed forward by cont. socialists first.
- they believe in equality of opportunity- would support a policy like medicare
- cont liberals have supportedthe growth of the welfare state.
contemporary socialsm- changed the least but there have ben changes
believes that social and econmic equality are the most imp. Goals
-individual rights have to subordinate to collective goal.
-- diff. b/w classical and cont. socialism- more supportive of small scale capitalism
-socialists se the state as a major economic player and vital player in plannignt he
economy.
-Like classical socialists cont. socialists promote equality- narrowing gap b/w rich
and poor.
-Now talk about discrimination as being systemic( doesnot refer to intentional
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