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Lecture 5

Lecture 5 – October 12.docx


Department
Political Science
Course Code
POL214Y1
Professor
Nelson Wiseman
Lecture
5

Page:
of 2
Lecture 5 October 12, 2010
Parliament is constantly evolving
Sometimes parliament is shunned to the side
Legislative branch = HofC/ Senate
o Third one : Crown in Parliament
If speech of the throne passes = gov’t approved
o 1985 didn’t pass
o Passed federally unlike others (passed provincially)
Parliament’s 3 components
Crown in Parliament
Authority is from Crown
Section 55 = nothing becomes law until Crown gives consent
Section 56 = governor and council might actually disallow laws that have
passed
Known as the powers of reservations and disallowance
o Written down but can’t use them
anymore
House of Commons
o AC = 30 seats
o
Senate
o Appointed on regional basis
o 105 senators
Represent regions
o Vote on partisan basis
o Sober second thought
o As democracy grew, senators lost legitimacy
o If you want to elect senate, it gets complicated as its not underlined in the constitution
Section 42 if you want to change the amount of ppl in senate, you need 7
provinces to go along with it
o Senate = part of amending formula
o If you want to change senate
2 bills
Cant be around for more than 2 terms
Unconstitutional = law that says that there will be elections for senators
o Unconstitutional b/c courts will say you are changing the basis of
politics
What if there is a stalemate between senate and House of commons
o b/c the senate does not have democracy legitimacy, it’s very hesitant to hold of legislation
coming from the house of commons
Functions of Parliament
Establish a gov’t
Provide resources for gov’t
o By voting money for resources
o Not senate
Offer an alternative gov’t
o Not senate
Secrutinize gov’t performance
Representation
Debate
o Formal veneer
Legitimation
Communication and education
o Informs citizen of issues about public policy
o Informs gov’t of grievances
Recruit and train political leaders
Reform Issues
Excessive partisanship
Gov’t domination
Private MPs lack of influence
Strengthening committees
Accountability
More parliamentary input into policy making
Senate reform
Pm power
o Power seems to have grown, whereas parliament power shrunk
MPs as Representatives
Trustee
o Personal qualities you trust more than the other candidates, and you ultimately follow their
judgement more than someone else’s
o
Delegate
Party Member
Social Mirror
o Reflects diversity of society
o
Regional Spokesperson
What MPs Do
Constituency work
o Key of getting reelected
Legislative work
o
Policy and issue development
Party work
Other