Social and economic setting

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Published on 27 Mar 2011
School
Course
Professor
Yasmin Alabed, January 11, 2011 1
Lecture #1: Canadian Politics
The Social and Economic Setting:
1) Three fault lines
a. Three axis around which Canadian politics have evolved
i.Rift between English and French
oGo back to 1759 French defeat
oOriginality French were a majority
oBy the 1850s the English speakers were a majority
oIssue in recent years has been about sovereignty
oBy the 1970s, the discourse in Quebec started to shift,
ii.Canadas colonial relationship
oCanada had a different relationship to their colonial master
than the US
oEnglish and French Canada remained loyal to the British
crown
oIn the 19th century there was fear that the US might annex
Canada
oIn the 20th century, the concern has been defending and
protecting Canadian culture, American domination
oCanadians know they are not Americans
oWe have taken protectionist measures
oFrench Canadians actually do have their own identity
oThe threat to French Canadians is from English Canada, not
so much from the US
iii.Regionalism
oProduct of the vastness and diversity of Canada
oCanada is very fast in its diversity, in terms of the people,
the history and the economics
oProvincial governments have promoted provincial
identities.
oManufacturing is concentrated in Manitoba and Quebec
oPopulation is concentrated in two provinces (Ontario and
Quebec)
oOuter Canada Eastern and Western Canada. They are
resource hinterlands. Western Canada is heavily dependent
on natural resources. They are subjected to booms and busts
in their economy.
oArises more in the late 19th and early 20th century. It is when
western Canada starts to become populated.
oAtlantic Canada was once upon a time English Canada.
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Document Summary

Quebec: outer canada eastern and western canada. Western canada is heavily dependent on natural resources. They are subjected to booms and busts in their economy: arises more in the late 19th and early 20th century. It is when western canada starts to become populated: atlantic canada was once upon a time english canada. www. notesolution. com. Yasmin alabed, january 11, 2011 2: some fault lines are no longer as relevant like the catholic/protestant divide, rural urban cleavage. It is a mental construct; there is nothing hard or real about this. a: there are other problems with this diagram: all these boundaries are quite fussy. It cannot explain dynamic change: canadians are limited by international treaties and demands, and the pressure of competitive markets, examples, demands and supports.  crf and human rights codes: material well-being, un human development index www. notesolution. com. Yasmin alabed, january 11, 2011 3: chapter 3 pg. Influences the politics of the nations and regions within nations: equality.

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