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Social and economic setting

Political Science
Course Code
Victoria Wohl

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Yasmin Alabed, January 11, 2011 1
Lecture #1: Canadian Politics
The Social and Economic Setting:
1) Three fault lines
a. Three axis around which Canadian politics have evolved
i.Rift between English and French
oGo back to 1759 French defeat
oOriginality French were a majority
oBy the 1850s the English speakers were a majority
oIssue in recent years has been about sovereignty
oBy the 1970s, the discourse in Quebec started to shift,
ii.Canadas colonial relationship
oCanada had a different relationship to their colonial master
than the US
oEnglish and French Canada remained loyal to the British
oIn the 19th century there was fear that the US might annex
oIn the 20th century, the concern has been defending and
protecting Canadian culture, American domination
oCanadians know they are not Americans
oWe have taken protectionist measures
oFrench Canadians actually do have their own identity
oThe threat to French Canadians is from English Canada, not
so much from the US
oProduct of the vastness and diversity of Canada
oCanada is very fast in its diversity, in terms of the people,
the history and the economics
oProvincial governments have promoted provincial
oManufacturing is concentrated in Manitoba and Quebec
oPopulation is concentrated in two provinces (Ontario and
oOuter Canada Eastern and Western Canada. They are
resource hinterlands. Western Canada is heavily dependent
on natural resources. They are subjected to booms and busts
in their economy.
oArises more in the late 19th and early 20th century. It is when
western Canada starts to become populated.
oAtlantic Canada was once upon a time English Canada.
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